Last Sermon of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) in English
This sermon was delivered on the Ninth Day of Dhul-Hijjah, 10 A.H. (632 CE) in
the ‘Uranah valley of Mount Arafat in Makkah. It was the occasion of the annual
rites of Hajj (the pilgrimage). It is also known as the Farewell Pilgrimage.
After praising, and thanking Allah (The One True God) the Prophet began with the
“O People! lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year I
shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore, listen carefully to what I am saying
and Take These Words to Those Who Could Not Be Present Here Today.“O People!
just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life
and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to
you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember
that you will indeed meet your LORD, and that he will indeed reckon your deeds.
“Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest
obligations shall henceforth be waived. Your capital is yours to keep. You will
neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has Judged that there shall be no
interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (Prophet’s
uncle) be waived.
“Every right arising out of homicide in pre-Islamic days is henceforth waived
and the first such right that I waive is that arising from the murder of Rabiah
“O Men! the unbelievers indulge in tampering with the calender in order to make
permissible that which Allah forbade, and to prohibit which Allah has made
permissible. With Allah the months are twelve in number. Four of them are holy,
three of these are successive and one occurs singly between the months of Jumada
“Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope of that
he will be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in
“O People! it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women but
they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives
only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right
then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your
women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.
And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do
not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
“O People! listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers,
fast during month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat (obligatory
charity). Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab
nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority
over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good
action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the
Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim
which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly.
“Do not therefore do injustice to yourselves. Remember one day you will meet
Allah and answer your deeds. So beware, do not astray from the path of
righteousness after I am gone.
“O People! No Prophet or Apostle Will Come after Me and No New Faith Will Be
Born. Reason well, therefore, O People! and understand words which I convey to
you. I leave behind me two things, the QUR’AN and my SUNNAH (i.e., sayings,
deeds, and approvals) and if you follow these you will never go astray.
“All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others
again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to
“Be my witness O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people.”
As part of this sermon, the Prophet recited them a Revelation from Allah which
he had just received and which completed the Qur’an, for it was the last passage
to be revealed:
This day the disbelievers despair of prevailing against your religion, so fear
them not, but fear Me (Allah)! This day have I perfected for you your religion
and fulfilled My favor unto you, and it hath been My good pleasure to choose
Islam for you as your religion (Surah 5, Ayah 3).
The sermon was repeated sentence by sentence by Safwan’s brother Rabiah (RA),
who had a powerful voice, at the request of the Prophet and he faithfully
proclaimed to over ten thousand gathered on the occasion. Toward the end of his
sermon, the Prophet asked “O people, have I faithfully delivered unto you my
message?” A powerful murmur of assent “O Allah, yes!”, arose from thousands of
pilgrims and the vibrant words “Allahumma na’m” rolled like thunder throughout
the valley. The Prophet raised his forefinger and said: “Be my witness O Allah,
that I have conveyed your message to your people.”
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