1. Praying Behind Beardless Imam
2. In Japan, only eight rakat Tarawih is followed. Can my son pray individually the remaining 12 rakat at the mosque or home or is it also right to perform 8 rakat only.?
3. Is it allowed for an ulcer patient to leave the Fast ?
4. Issal-e-Sawab through Recitation of the quran
5. If at a particular time, a lady has no desire for sex with her husband, but he insists for it, what is her right of refusal in this context ?
6. In the light of the teaching of the Qur'an and the Sunnah, is it a correct Islamic practice to visit graveyards on the night of Shab-e-baraat? please narrate the Hadith related to this night.
7. A muslim youth has a wet dream. What should he do?
8. What is the concept of social service in Islam? Do we have to work for the Muslim community only or for the whole of humankind as was done by Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) ? Please clarify.
9. Are menstruating women permitted to recite Surah Fatiha, Ikhlaas, Falak, Nas and Ayatul Kursi at night before going to sleep ? Can menstruating women touch and read the Qur'an ? Does this word in the Qur'an 'Mutahhareen' (none can touch except those who are clean) relate to the Qur'an or to the Tablet Preserved (Lauh-a-Mehfuz) ? Is one allowed to touch Qur'an without wudhu ? Please explain with reference to Hadith.
10. Why do we quote Allah (swt) as - Him/His ?
11. Islam and Universal Brotherhood
13. Which school of thought should a muslim follow ?
15. Why Islam proposes a discriminatory share of Inheritance by giving women only half of what men receive?
17. Does Islam make the Face Veil Obligatory for Muslim Women?
19. I heard a Maulana saying that it is Biddat to quote the Bible to do Daw’ah to the Ahle-Kitab (People of the Book; i.e. the Jews and the Christians). I would like to get the answer from Dr. Zakir Naik whether it is allowed as he very often quotes the Bible.
20. Is the Qur'an God's Word ?
21. A lady I know converted to Islam, but her Christian parents want her to visit the church with them. If she denies, then they have family problems. Can the lady go to church, just to have normal relationship with the parents?
22. I am a revert to Islam from a very orthodox Christian family. However my hunger to delve deep into Islam and other religions never ceased. The sad part of the story is that I never found anyone able to give at least most of the answers for the questions I ask. But your newsletter seems to be doing a good job. Here are a few questions I wish you could answer. Why aren’t Islamic missionaries active the way Christian missionaries are? Won’t Islam grow much faster and misunderstandings removed if there are good scholars to preach the faith? Why is there such a slack among Muslims? Is it permissible in Islam to sponsor an orphan? Not adoption. Something like sponsoring his education, etc.? Are the views of the so-called ‘terrorists’ like bin Laden really wrong or justifiable? I mean should a Muslim support his activities? Can children and innocent people be killed in wars when the prophet had declared not to do so?
23. Do the Muslims Believe in Jesus (pbuh) and his Second Coming?
24. Is it Compulsory to Wear the Trousers Above the Ankles?
25. Dr. Zakir Naik interview, How Shameful, We Don't Have a Media of Our Own!
25a. If anything pertaining to faith cannot stand to logic, does that mean it does not stand at all?
25b. What are your views about the Islamic revivalist movements initiated by Iqbal and Maulana Moududi in the sub-continent and Sayyid Qutb and Hasanul Banah in Egypt. What can be the possible reasons for their apparent failure?
25c. How can the oppression of global powers be combated?
25d. Does Islam permit birth control and family planning?
25e. How long can a wife wait in case a husband disappears and does not return?
25f. Why does not a grandchild inherit from his grandfather in case his father dies while the grandfather still alive?
25g. Should women work?
25h. With the fast devaluation of currency and ever changing economic pattern, can the concept of interest be altered within the framework of Islam?
25i. How can we explain the philosophy behind the Quranic verse where Allah says that he has sent the Prophet (Pbuh) to make Islam conquer all other religions of the world?
25j. If every religion claims the same power and authority, will it not give birth to a great anomaly where one faith will be pitted against the other?
25k. A word about Muslims the world over?
25l. Are you happy with the way Indian Muslims behave in India?
25m. Does Islam permit organ transplant?
25n. Who has inspired you the most?
25o. Your memory is absolutely incredible? Do you strive for that or you just read and it gets engraved on your mind?
25p. How do you maintain a balance between Dr. Naik as a medico and Dr. Naik as a scholar?
27. I am a dentist by profession, my questions are: If a husband and wife have a mutual divorce, Is there an ‘Iddah period to be observed by the divorced wife? Should the divorced husband give the maintenance money for her? Can the divorced husband have sex with the divorced wife? Can the two talk on the phone to each other after the divorce?
28. Is a Muslim woman permitted to go out for a job (organization belongs to Muslims with all women staff) even if her husband can support the family well? What does Islam say about it? In this case the main reason why this woman wants to join this organization is to keep her busy and to mould herself completely in an Islamic environment.
29. Can a rich Muslim wife give portion of her Zakat to her poor husband? Can a Muslim husband compel his wife (working in a public sector undertaking) to spend all her earnings on family needs and invest his earnings and his wife’s savings on assets solely in his name and not even in her name? What portion, if at all, of a Muslim wife’s salary a Muslim husband can claim for needs of the family although it is the onus on him to provide for the family?
30. Is it allowed for a wife to address her husband by his name, as our previous generation didn’t do so?
31. What is the Islamic Ruling on Contraception?
32. Da'wah or Islaah - which is more important?
33. Is Islam a cult? I don't understand how this religion can be embraced by so many. It's inconceivable that such hatred has ever been collected in a single population such as that which calls itself Muslim. Mohammad, and indeed, his followers, are way off the path. Stop your attacks on non-Muslims?
34. Religion, if it is true, should be able to stand scientific scrutiny. Is there an Islamic arena where this kind of discussion is possible?
35. Hinduism is the oldest of all the religions and thus the most pure, authentic and best of all the religions of the world, and not Islam!
36. When Muslims in India insist on having a separate Muslim Personal Law for themselves, why don’t they also insist on implementing the Islamic Criminal Law for the Muslims; for example implementing the rule that the robber’s hands should be chopped off if a Muslim robs?
37. Why do Muslims bury dead bodies instead of cremating them, i.e. burning them?
38. Is there no such thing as a 'Will' in Islam? In Islam, can a person 'Will' his assets or property as per his wishes, after his death, to people other than those prescribed in the methods of the Shari’ah? Is this 'Will' legally valid in India?
39. Does a Muslim man require explicit consent from his first wife, to marry a second woman?
40. Similarities Between Islam and Hinduism - Part 1
41. A few people in our locality raise their hands before and after doing ‘Rukoo’. Is it a correct act while praying?
42. I am told by many people that it is not permissible to read the Qur’an or do Sajdah after Asr prayers and that we cannot pray, be it reading Qur’an or Namaz at 12.00 clock. Kindly reply!
43. Can a Muslim man marry a Christian or a Jew? Please explain.
44. It is mentioned in your Qur’an that Mary was the sister of Aaron (pbuh). Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did not know the difference between Miriam the sister of Aaron (pbuh) and Mary the Mother of Jesus (pbuh), as the time span between both of them was about a thousand years.
45. I have a doubt about playing of musical instruments. Is this an act of Satan?
46. Is man created from sperm or dust?
47. I’d like to know about hair coloring according to Qur’an and Hadith. I came to know that it is permissible. Is it right? Please explain providing evidence from authentic sources of Islam.
48. Is it true that my last prayer should be witr or is this merely recommended as a prudent course of action by the Prophet (saw). Once I pray witr after Isha and later I want to pray Nafil, can I do so?
50. Why are women not allowed in the mosque?
51. Why do Muslims follow the lunar calendar instead of the solar calendar?
52. Why are all prayers and supplications not answered or fulfilled by Allah (SWT)?
53. Why is building of temples and churches and the propagation of any religion other than Islam not allowed in Islamic countries like Saudi Arabia?
1. My son is working in Japan. He attends the Tarawih prayer at a mosque, where two imams lead the Tarawih prayer on alternate days. One is an Egyptian and another one is from some Arab country. This Imam is not professional imam. He is a wealthy person in the city where my son resides. The Imam has not sported the beard. Some Pakistanis do not pray behind him when he leads the Tarawih prayer, objecting that it is not right for a person to pray behind an imam, who does not sport a beard. But my son prays behind that imam and he is very much puzzled over this matter whether to pray or not to pray behind the imam who does not sport a beard. My son has sent this query over the phone seeking clarification.
Shaving beard is Fisq and the one who does that is Fasiq. It is preferable to have an Imam having a beard. However, if such an Imam is not available, then it is allowed to offer Salah behind a beardless Imam. It is agreed upon by the Ahle-Sunnah-Wal- Jam'ah that offering Salah behind every righteous or Fasiq Muslim is allowed and his Salah is valid so that there is unity amongst the Muslims, in order to avoid any conflict. Therefore your son is correct in offering Salah behind the imam. Infact, those who do not offer Salah behind him should also start doing so, in order to avoid any conflict. However, as soon as an Imam with beard is available, you may start offering Salah behind him, and Allah knows the best.
2. In Japan, only eight rakat Tarawih is followed. Can my son pray individually the remaining 12 rakat at the mosque or home or is it also right to perform 8 rakat only.
Regarding the Salah, offered after the Isha Salah (i.e. Tarawih), in Ramadan, the right opinion is that one can offer as many number of rakat as one wishes because there is no fixed limit on it.
Narrated Nafi Ibn 'Umar said, "While the prophet was on the pulpit, a man asked
him how to offer the night prayers. He replied, ' Pray two Rakat at a time and
then two and then two and so on, and if you are afraid of the dawn (the approach
of the time of the Fajr prayer) pray one Rakat and that will be the witr for all
the Rakat which you have offered." Ibn 'Umar Said, "The last Rakat of the night
prayer should be odd, for the prophet ordered it to be so. ( Sahih Bukhari, Vol.
1, Hadith No. 461).
Narrated Amr ibn Anbasah as-Sulami I asked: "Apostle of Allah, in which part of
the night the supplication is more likely to be accepted? He Replied: In the
last part: Pray as much as you like, for the prayer is attended by the angels
and it is recorded till you offer the dawn prayer. (Abu Dawood, Vol. 1, Hadith
We also find that some of the Taba'een used to pray 20 and some used to pray 36
Rakats in Tarawih. (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol.2, Pages 165 & 166).
However, it is preferable to offer it the way prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) did. He
used to offer 11 or 13 Rakats, as mentioned in the following Hadith.
Narrated Abu Salma bin Abdur Rahman I asked Aisha, "How is the prayer of Allah's
Apostle during the month of Ramadan." She said, "Allah's Apostle never exceeded
eleven Rakats in Ramadan or in other months; he used to offer four Rakats do not
ask me about their beauty and length, then four Rakats, do not ask me about
their beauty and length, and then three Rakat." Aisha further said, " I said, '
O Allah's Apostle! Do you sleep before offering the Witr prayer?' He replied, 'O
'Aisha! My eyes sleep, but my heart remains awake!' (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2,
Hadith No. 1147). From all the above mentioned Hadith, it is clear that there is
no fixed limit for the Tarawih Prayer; therefore, one should refrain from
getting into any controversy in this regard. However, in mosques, where eight
congregational Rakats are offered, it is advisable not to offer further 12
Rakats in congregation, thus avoiding any unwanted disputes amongst the Muslims.
For those who wish to offer more Rakats can very well do so at their homes.
Similarly, in mosques, where 20 congregational Rakats are offered, it is
advisable not to offer 8 Rakats in different congregation so that there is no
conflict among the Muslims.
3. Is it allowed for an ulcer patient to leave the Fast ?
It is not obligatory upon a person suffering from Ulcer to fast during the month
of Ramadan if fasting is likely to cause increase in his disease, however he has
to complete his fasts after recovering. Allah says in the Qur'an in Surah
Baqarah, 2:185: "But if any one is ill or on a journey the prescribed period
should be made up by days later. Allah intends every facility for you, He does
not want to put you to difficulties." And Allah knows the best.
4. I would like to know that if we read Quran and ask Allah to send sawab to all
Muslims and my relatives including my parents who are no more, will the sawab
only go to my parents or to all the rest too ?
It is Bid'ah (innovation) to recite the Qur'an for Isaal-e-Sawab of those who
have passed away, regardless whether the deceased is your parent or relative.
There is no evidence supporting this practice in the authentic sources of Islam,
in the Seerah of the Prophet (Pbuh) or the life of his Companions. Didn't deaths
occur during the time of the companions ? Why then, we do not find any such
evidence from their lives ? All those things that benefit the living and the
dead have already been shown by the Prophet (Pbuh), as Deen has been completed.
Therefore, it is inappropriate to innovate anything in the religion.
Narrated Aisha (R.A.): Allah's Messenger (Pbuh) said, "If somebody innovates
something which is not present in our religion, then that thing will be
rejected."(Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Hadith No. 2697 & Sahih Muslim, Vol. 3, Hadith
However it is allowed to pray for the deceased and give charity for him, as
there is no difference of opinion in this regard.
5. If at a particular time, a lady has no desire for sex with her husband, but he insists for it, what is her right of refusal in this context ?
If a husband expresses his desire for sexual intercourse with his wife, and asks
her to fulfill his need, then she should fulfill her husband's desire, and she
has no right to refuse him or deprive him of his need (unless of course if she
is undergoing her monthly menstruation period or is down with illness.
Islam encourages and insists on chastity and fidelity. Islam prohibits and
condemn illicit sexual relations, extra-maritial affairs, pre-marriage sex,
fornication, adultery, prostitution, pornography and promiscuity. It is for this
reason that a wife is bound to fulfill her husband's sexual desires so as to
prevent him form straying.
Narrarted Abu Huraira Allah's Apostle (Pbuh) said, " If a husband calls his wife
to his bed (i.e. to have sexual relations) and she refuses and causes him to
sleep in anger, the angels will curse her till morning." (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.
4 Hadith No. 460 & Sahih Muslim Vol. 2 Hadith No. 3368)
Narrated Abu Huraira The Messenger of Allah (swt) said: By him in whose hand is
my life, when a man calls his wife to his bed, and she does not respond, the One
Who is in the heaven is displeased with her untill he (her husband) is pleased
with her. (Sahih Muslim Vol. 2 Hadith No. 3367)
Narrated Taiq ibn Ali Allah's Messenger (Pbuh) said, " When a man calls his wife
to satisfy his desire she must go to him even if she is occupied at the oven."
(Al Tirmidhi Hadith No. 1160 & Ibn Ma'jah Hadith No. 4165)
From all the above mentioned Ahadith, it is Wajib upon the wife to fulfill the
desire of her husband whenever he wishes. If the relationship between the
husband and the wife is truly based on Islamic principles, in which both of them
treat each other with love, affection, kindness, fulfilling all Islamic desires
and settling all matters with mutual agreement and understanding, the question
of the wife refusing the sexual desire of the husband does not arise. Nor does
the question arise of the husband being insistent or getting perturbed at her
not wanting to have sex.
Allah (swt) says in the Qur'an in Surah Rum, Chapter 30, verse no. 21: " And
among His signs is this that He created for you mates from among yourselves that
you may dwell in tranquility with them and He has put love and mercy between
your (hearts); verily in that are Signs for those who reflect."
If on certain rare occasions, the husband shows a desire for sexual intercourse
with his wife, and for some genuine reason the wife shows a hesitation (not
refusal), then it is possible, the husband can be understanding and voluntarily
and happily give indication for postponement!
Allah (swt) says in the Qur'an, in Surah Baqara, chapter 2, verse no. 187: "They
(your wives) are your garments. And you are their garments."
Here, because of the strong bond between the husband and the wife, if the
husband is not displeased or angry, the angels will not curse his wife and
neither will she displease the Almighty. And Allah knows the best.
6. In the light of the teaching of the Qur'an and the Sunnah, is it a correct Islamic practice to visit graveyards on the night of Shab-e-baraat? please narrate the Hadith related to this night.
Giving significance to the night of 15th Sha'ban, visiting graveyards, doing
extra Ibaadah (worship) and offering extra Nawaafil Salaah with the intention of
specifically doing so on the occasion of 15th Sha'ban, having illuminations,
considering it to be the Eid of the dead and keeping awake for the whole night
of 15th Sha'ban and encouraging others to do the same -- all these are Bid'ah
(innovation) . The prophet and the Sahaabah never did so nor commanded the
muslims to do so.
We don't find any evidence of such things in the entire authentic Seerah of the
Prophet and his companions. According to Allamah Ibn Rajab Abu Bakr Turtoshi,
Ibn Wazzah Qurtubi, Suyuti, Shokani etc. all the Ahadith pertaining to the
subject are weak and unacceptable.
The Hadith that is generally quoted to support the practices done on the night
of 15th Sha'ban is Zaif (weak) according to Muhaddiseen (the scholars of
Ahadith) and is not to be put into practice.
Narrated Aisha (R.A.), I missed Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) during the
night and found him in al-Baqi'. He said: Were you afraid that Allah and His
Messenger would deal unjustly with you? I said: Allah's Messenger , I thought
that you had gone to some of your other wives. He (the prophet) said: Verily
Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, comes down to the heaven of the world in the
middle night of Sha'ban and forgives sins even more abundant than the hair of
the goats of Kalb. (Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 739; Sunan Ibn-I-Majah, Hadith No.
1389; Ahmad Vol. 6, 238)
According to Imam Bukhari and Tirmidhi, the above mentioned Hadith has a broken
chain of narrators in two places, and therefore it is weak. Allamah Ibnul Arabi
(543H), in his commentary of Sunan -At-Tirmidhi, titled 'Arizatul-Ahwazi', Vol
3, Pg No. 216 adds: '....further, in it Hajjaj Ibn Artaat is not reliable.'
However, it is established that the Prophet (pbuh) did visit the Baqi graveyard
once, as Allah had commanded him and he prayed for Ahle-Baqi (the people of
Baqi), but the exact night of this event is not known, as there is no clear
proof in this regard. The prophet had done this by the commandment of Allah
(swt), therefore the Prophet was an exception to this act.
Aisha (R.A.) says that the Prophet (pbuh) said: "Gabriel came to me and said;
Your Rabb commands you to go to the graveyard of Baqi and seek forgiveness for
them". (Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2256)
It is permissible for men to visit graveyard whenever they wish and pray for the
dead, however it is not permissible to fix a specific day or night for the
purpose and consider it to be of a special virtue unless we find any proof for
doing so from the Qur'an or the authentic Ahadith.
Allamah Ibnul Arabi writes: "There is no reliable Hadith regarding the 15th of
Sha'ban. Although certain commentators insist that the verse from Surah Dukhan,
chapter 44, verse 4: 'In that (night) is made distinct every affair of wisdom',
refer to 15th of Sha'ban, but this is not true, as Allah did not reveal the
Qur'an in Sha'ban. The Qur'an was revealed in Ramadan, as mentioned in Surah
Baqarah, chapter 2, verse 185, and this can only be statement of a person who
transgresses the book of Allah (swt) and is careless of his word". (Arizatul
Ahwazi, Vol. 3, Page No. 217)
According to Hadith of Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2, Hadith No. 1885: ".. Most evil
affairs are their innovations, and every innovation is an error..."
So Muslims should beware of and steer clear of all innovation and bid'ah.
7. A muslim youth has a wet dream. What should he do? If it occurs before sahar
in the holy month of Ramadan? If it happens after Sahar? What about fajr
prayers? What is the method of taking bath for purification? Is it sinful if wet
If a person gets a wet dream before sahar in the month of Ramadan and has time
to take Ghusle Janaba (bath for purification), then he should do it, and then
eat his sahar. However, if he does not have the time for Ghusl, he should take
Ghusl before the Fajr Prayer.
If a person gets a wet dream after taking sahar in the state of Saum, he should
take Ghusl as soon as he wakes up. One's fast does not break by wet dreams. Even
if he happens to be in the state of Janaba for some time, there is nothing wrong
in it. He should take a Ghusl before offering any Salaah/Prayer. Narrated Abu
Bakr bin Abdur Rahman. My father and I went to Aisha (R.A.) and she said , " I
testify that Allah's Messenger at times used to get up in the morning in a state
of Janaba from sexual intercourse, not from a wet dream, and then he would fast
that day." (Shaih Bukhari, Vol. No. 3, Hadith No. 1931)
The right way of performing a bath for purification i.e. Ghusle Janaba is given
in the following Hadith: Narrated Maimuna, the wife of the Prophet (Phuh):
Allah's Messenger (pbuh) performed ablution like that for the Salat (prayer) but
did not wash his feet. He washed off the discharged from his private parts and
then poured water over his body. He withdrew his feet from that place (the place
where he took the bath) and then washed them. And that was his way of taking the
bath of Janaba. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, Hadith No. 249)
There is nothing wrong in getting wet dreams nor is it a sin, as mentioned in
the following Hadith: Narrated Ali Ibn Abu Talib There are three whose actions
are not recorded: a lunatic whose mind is deranged till he is restored to
consciousness, a sleeper till he awakes, and a boy till he reaches puberty.
(Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 3, Hadith No. 4389)
8. What is the concept of social service in Islam? Do we have to work for the
Muslim community only or for the whole of humankind as was done by Prophet
Muhammad (Pbuh) ? Please clarify.
In Islam, social service is of immense significance. Whatever services a person
renders for the welfare of humankind, and through these deeds, hopes for the
blessings of Allah will be regarded as righteous deeds. These deeds if done
solely for seeking the pleasure of Allah (and not for recognition or show) will
be considered Karze Hasana and will surely be rewarded by Allah.
Allah says in the Glorious Qur'an :
" Whoever comes (at Judgement) with a good deed will have better than it, and
they, from the terror of that day, will be safe." (Surah An-Naml, 27:89)
"He that does good shall have ten times as much to his credit " (Surah Al An'am,
"Then shall anyone who has done an atom's weight of good see it!" (Surah
Allah repeatedly instructs as in the Glorious Qur'an to behave kindly, to give
charity, to serve the poor, the orphans, and the needy. While the qur'an
condemns hoarders and misers, it also prohibits ill-treating and threatening the
poor and the needy.
In all these verses of the Qur'an, Allah has not instructed the Muslims to work
only for the welfare of the Muslims. There is no such restraints. All these
instructions are general in their scope and hence include both, the Muslims as
well as the non-Muslims. The Prophet (pbuh) too has made it clear that striving
of a Muslim for the welfare of any of the human beings or living creatures is an
act of charity.
Narrated Anas bin Malik (RA) : Allah's Messenger said : "There is none amongst
the Muslims who plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an
animal eats from it, but is regarded as a charitable gift for him." (Sahih
Bukhari, Vol. 3, Hadith No. 513)
In Islam, removing a harmful thing from way is also Sadaqa (charity). (Sahih
Bukhari, Vol. 4, Hadith No. 232)
Narrated Abu Huraira (RA): Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was on the way, he
found a thorny branch of a tree on the way and removed it. Allah thanked him for
that deed and forgave him." (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Hadith No. 652)
Islam ordains us to treat all the living creatures well and with kindness.
Social service that is done by a Muslim for any human being, irrespective
whether the beneficiary is a Muslim or a non-Muslim, and which gets this
beneficiary closer to his Creator Allah and makes him/her understand Islam
better, then the reward for the performer of such service will be further
multiplied. First, for the social service and second, for getting the other
person closer to his Creator. These acts of social service include Islaah if the
recipient is a Muslim and Daw'ah if the recipient is a non-Muslim.
Narrated Urwa bin Az-Zubair (RA): Hakim bin Hizam said, "O Allah's Apostle! I
used to do good deeds in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance, e.g., keeping good
relations with my kith and kin, manumitting slaves (releasing and freeing slaves
after paying for them) and giving alms. Shall I receive a reward for all that?"
Allah's Apostle replied, "You embraced Islam with all the good deeds which you
did in the past." (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Hadith No. 423 & Sahih Muslim, Vol. 1,
Hadith No. 223)
Narrated Abu Huraira (RA): Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was walking he
felt thirsty and went down a well and drank water from it. On coming out of it,
he saw a dog panting and eating mud because of excessive thirst. The man said,
'This (dog) is suffering from the same problem as that of mine. So he (went down
the well), filled his shoe with water, caught hold of it with his teeth and
climbed up and watered the dog. Allah thanked him for his (good) deed and
forgave him." The people asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Is there a reward for us in
serving (the) animals?" He replied, "Yes, there is a reward for serving any
animate." (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Hadith No. 551)
Thus, social service in Islam carries great significance and it is to be done to
all in general, regardless of the religion. And Allah knows best.
The system of Zakaat in Islam, however is a religious duty and obligation upon
the Muslims and the beneficiaries of Zakaat are only Muslims. The Qur'an
provides details about needy Muslims that are entitled to Zakaat : "Zakaat
expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to
collect (Zakaah) and for bringing hearts together (for Islam) and for freeing
captives (or slaves) and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for
the (stranded) traveller - an obligation (imposed) by Allah. And Allah is
knowing and wise." (Surah Tauba, 9:60).
9. Are menstruating women permitted to recite Surah Fatiha, Ikhlaas, Falak, Nas
and Ayatul Kursi at night before going to sleep ? Can menstruating women touch
and read the Qur'an ? Does this word in the Qur'an 'Mutahhareen' (none can touch
except those who are clean) relate to the Qur'an or to the Tablet Preserved
(Lauh-a-Mehfuz) ? Is one allowed to touch Qur'an without wudhu ? Please explain
with reference to Hadith.
The Glorious Qur'an says : "That this is indeed a Qur'an most honorable in a
book well guarded which none shall touch but those who are clean : A Revelation
from the Lord of the Worlds." (Surah Al-Waqi'a, 56:77-80)
The Kitabim Maknoon mentioned in the above mentioned verse does not refer to the
holy Qur'an in the book form, which we have, and the word Mutahhareen does not
merely refer to cleanliness of the body.
Kitabim Maknoon means a book well guarded or a protected book. This word refers
to Lauh-e-Mahfooz in heaven, which is also mentioned in the following verse "Nay
this is a Glorious Qur'an (Inscribed) in a Tablet Preserved!" (Surah Al-Buruj,
85:21 & 22)
Mutahhareen does not refer to mere body cleanliness but also refers to those who
do not have any uncleanliness or impurity like sin and evil, thus referring to
the angels. According to the commentary of Tabari, Mutahhareen means the angels.
According to Ibne Hazam, who has discussed the subject in detail, there are no
pre-requisites or conditions for touching the Qur'an. Although all the scholars,
of all different schools of thought, agree upon it without any difference of
opinion that it is preferable to be in wudhu before touching the Qur'an,
however, according to Ibne Hazam there is not a single verse of the Qur'an or
the authentic hadith saying that being in wudhu is compulsory.
Ibne Abbas, Sho'bi, Zahhaq, Zaid bin Ali, Muayyid Billaah, Dawood, Ibne Hazam
and Hammad bin Sulaiman are of the opinion that Qur'an can be touched without
performing wudhu. (Fiqh-us-Sunnah, As Saiyid Saabiq, 1.52)
Regarding the hadith of Muwatta Malik which is often quoted by certain scholars
to back up their claims that one should be in wudhu before touching the Qur'an,
this hadith narration besides being Mursal, has the Arabic word Taahirun in it,
which according to Ibne Katheer, Zamakhshari & others, does not necessarily mean
being with wudhu but simply means 'pure', that is, one should not be in
ceremonial impurity or menstruation.
Scholars of different schools of thought differ on the issue of whether one
should compulsorily be in a state of wudhu while touching the Qur'an. According
to Hanafi school of thought, one cannot touch the Qur'an without wudhu, but if
one uses a piece of cloth or sheet then he can touch it. Some Hanafi Scholars
insist that the cover of the Qur'an itself serves as a covering sheet or cloth,
while the others believe that one can touch the Qur'an but not the Arabic text
within the Qur'an. Amongst the Shafia scholars, some say that one cannot touch
the Qur'an without wudhu, despite using covering sheet. Malikis too believe in
some what the same. However, they allow touching the Qur'an without wudhu for
students and teachers of the Qur'an.
It is permissible for a menstruating womam to recite the Qur'an without touching
it. Similarly, she can very well recite the portions of the Qur'an, which she
does regularly, or even the Ahadith of the prophet (pbuh) . However she
shouldn't touch the Qur'an with her hands.
Ibne Majah narrates a hadith from Abdullah Ibne Umar (R.A.) that a man in a
state of ceremonial impurity, and a menstruating lady should not recite anything
from the Qur'an, but this hadith is weak.
Allama Ibne Hajr and Allama Ibnul Mulaqqin have rated the hadith as weak in
their books At-Talkheesal Habeer, Vol. 1, pg. no. 138, hadith no. 183 &
Khulasatul Badrul Muneer, vol. 1, pg. no. 60, hadith no. 170, respectively.
However, if a menstruating woman, or a woman with postpartum impurity, wishes to
read the Qur'an, then she may use some sheet or cloth while touching the Qur'an
so that her hands do not have direct contact with the Qur'an.
According to Maliki school of thought, while doing hifz of the Qur'an, a man in
spite of being in ceremonial impurity or a woman in her menstruation, can touch
the Qur'an so that they do not forget the portions of the Qur'an memorised by
them. And Allah knows best.
10. Why do we quote Allah (swt) as - Him/His ?
a) The Arabic word 'Allah' has no gender.
The Arabic grammar has only two genders, male and female and male gender is of
1. Masculine Haqeeqi i.e. Real, which is used to denote the masculine gender in
2. Masculine Majazi i.e. Unreal, wherein it is used as Masculine but in reality
it is not so e.g. (Angels) Malak, Layl (Night), Bab (door). The word Allah
(swt), too falls in the second category i.e. Masculine Majazi.
The English language has got three genders; male, female and neutral. So if we
translate the Arabic word 'huwa' into English, it can be translated as 'he' or
'it'. And the Arabic word 'hiya' can be translated as 'she' or 'it'.
Allah (swt) is unique and cannot be referred as 'it' in English, since Allah
(swt) has no gender, neither male nor female or neutral.
Some people may argue that the Arabic word 'huwa' and 'hiya' both can be used
for 'it' or neutral gender, then why Allah has used 'huwa' and not 'hiya' ?
In Arabic grammar there are certain rules and criteria for feminine gender.
First, if it is female by nature, like the word mother (ummum), it becomes
feminine in gender. Allah is not a female. Second, if it ends with the third
Arabic letter 'ta' like 'mirwahtun' (fan), it becomes feminine. The Arabic word
'Allah' doesn't end with 'ta' so it cannot be feminine. Third, if the word ends
with 'Alif Mamduda' (big Alif), it becomes feminine. But the Arabic word 'Allah'
doesn't end with 'Alif Mamduda' so, it cannot be feminine. And lastly, if the
object occurs in pairs, like pairs of the body, e.g. 'Ainun' (eyes), 'yadun'
(hands), they are considered feminine. But Allah (swt) says in the Glorious
Qur'an in Surah Ikhlas, chapter 112, verse 1" "Say: He is Allah the ONE and
So Allah (swt) is one and not a pair. Therefore, by default since it cannot be
used as 'Hiya' i.e. she or it, Allah (swt) uses huwa i.e. He. And Allah (swt)
knows the best.
b) Many people have a misconception that Islam is a new religion and Prophet
Muhammad (pbuh) was the founder of Islam. However, Islam has been in existence
since time immemorial. Islam was present when the first human Adam (pbuh) first
set foot on the earth. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is not the founder of Islam but
the last and final messenger of Allah.
It is mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an : "And there never was a people without a
warner having lived among them (in the past)." (Surah Fatir, 35:24)
Narrated Umama that Abu Dhar said : I asked , "O Messenger of Allah, altogether
how many messengers were sent?" The Prophet (pbuh) said: One Hundred and Twenty
Four Thousand." (Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, authenticated by Shaikh Nasiruddin Albani,
Vol. 3, Pg. No. 1599, Hadith No. 5737)
The Religion of all the Prophets was 'total submission to God's will' and one
word for that in the Arabic language is 'Islam'.
It is mentioned in the Qur'an that Abraham (pbuh) was a Muslim. "Abraham was not
a Jew nor yet a Christian but he was true in faith and bowed his will to Allah's
(which is Islam) and he joined not gods with Allah." (Surah Al Imran, 3:67)
It is mentioned in Surah Al Imran Chapter 3 Verse 52 that Jesus (pbuh) was a
Muslim. " When Jesus (pbuh) found unbelief on their part he said: " Who will be
my helpers to (the work of) Allah?" said the Disciples: "We are Allah's helpers
we believe in Allah and do thou bear witness that we are Muslims" (Surah Al
Allah (swt) says in the Glorious Qur'an in Surah Al Imran, Chapter 3 Verse 19:
"The Religion before Allah is Islam (Submission to His will)"
And further Allah (swt) mentions in Surah Al Imran Chapter 3, Verse 85: "If
anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah) never will it
be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who
have lost (all spiritual good)"
Thus, Islam is the first religion and hence the oldest of all the religions. It
is the only true religion. All the other religions came later. The Glorious
Qur'an is the last and final revelation of Allah (swt) which was revealed to the
last and final messenger prophet Muhammad (pbuh). After him no messenger will
come to guide humankind. As Allah (swt) says in the Glorious Qur'an in Surah Al
Ahzab, chapter 33 verse 40: "Muhammad (pbuh) is not the father of any of your
men but (he is) the Apostle of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets: And Allah
(swt) has full knowledge of all things."
11. Islam and Universal Brotherhood
Click here to view the answer.
13. There are four schools of thoughts and we can follow any one of them. Is it
permissible to follow two schools of thought to suit the situation ? For
example, the Shafi school of thought considers 2.25 pm as the time for Asr
prayers in our town while the Hanafi school of thought has fixed time at 3.08.
So can we follow any of these two timings to suit our necessity ?
Muslims should be united
Muslims today, are divided amongst themselves. Such divisions are not endorsed
by Islam. Islam believes in fostering unity amongst its followers.
The Glorious Qur’an says: “And hold fast, altogether, by the rope Which Allah
(stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves.” [Al-Qur’an 3:103]
Which is the rope of Allah that is being referred to in this verse? It is the
Glorious Qur’an. The Glorious Qur’an is the rope of Allah which all Muslims
should hold fast together. There is double emphasis in this verse. Beside saying
‘hold fast all together’ it also says, ‘be not divided’.
The Qur’an further says, “Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger” [Al-Qur’an 4:59]
All the Muslims should follow the Qur’an and authentic Ahadith and ensure that
they are not divided among themselves.
It is prohibited to make divisions in Islam.
The Glorious Qur’an says: “As for those who divide Their religion and break up
Into sects, you have no part in them in the least: Their affair is with Allah:
He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did.” [Al-Qur’an 6:159]
In this verse Allah (swt) says that one should disassociate oneself from those
who divide their religion and break it up into sects. But when one asks a
Muslim, “who are you?” the common answer is either ‘I am a Hanafi or Shafi or
Maliki or Hanbali. Some call themselves ‘Ahle-Hadith’.
Four Schools of Thoughts
The Islamic world has produced several learned Islamic scholars (Imams), but out
of these, four became more famous and their teachings spread in different parts
of the world.
It is a misconception that a Muslim should follow any one of these four schools
of thoughts i.e. Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali or Maliki. There is no proof whatsoever
in the Qur’an or any authentic Hadith that a Muslim should only follow one of
these four Imams.
Respect all the Great Scholars of Islam.
We must respect all the great scholars of Islam, including the four Imaams, Imam
Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafi, Imam Hanbal and Imam Malik (may Allah be pleased with
them all). They were great scholars and may Allah reward them for their research
and hard work. One can have no objection if someone agrees with the view and
research of any one or more from these four great scholars of Islam.
All Four Imam said follow the Qur’an and Sunnah.
All the four great Imams said that if any of their Fatwas or teachings
contradict Allah’s word, i.e. the Qur’an, or the sayings of the Prophet (pbuh)
i.e. authentic Hadith, then that particulars Fatwa of theirs should be rejected,
and the Sunnah of the Prophet should be followed.
a. Eeqaadh al-Himam, Al Fulaanee (Imam Abu Hanifa)
b. Al-Majmoo’ of an-Nawawee (1/63) (Imam Shafi)
c. Jaami ‘Bayan al-Ilm, Ibn Abdul-Barr (Imam Malik)
d. Eeqaadh al-Himam (Imam Hanbal)
To give you an example in this context – Imam shafi said that when a women
touches a man who is in a state of wudhu, the wudhu of the man breaks. However,
this ruling of Imam Shafi contradicts the authentic saying of the Prophet.
Narrated Aisha The Prophet (may peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and
went out for saying prayer. He did not perform ablution. (Sunan Abu Dawood Vol.
1 Chapter No. 70 Hadith No. 179)
Thus this particular teaching of Imam Shafi contradicts the authentic saying of
the Prophet. So I reject this specific ruling of Imam Shafi who himself said , “
If I say something, then compare it to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His
messenger and if it agrees to them, then accept it and that which goes against
them, then reject it and throw my saying against the wall” – This is a saying of
ash-Shafi’ee-rahimaullah. See Al-Majmoo’ of an-Nawawee (1/63).
Thus by rejecting this particular teaching of Imam Shafi which contradicts the
authentic Hadith, I am practically a better follower of Imam Shafi than those
who call themselves ‘Shafi’.
Similarly in practice, I claim to be a better follower of Imam Abu Hanifa than
those who call themselves ‘Hanafi’. I claim to be a better follower of Imam
Hanbal than those who call themselves ‘Hanbali’. I claim to be a better follower
of Imam Malik than those who call themselves ‘Maliki”. If being a ‘Ahle-Hadith’
means following Qur’an and authentic Hadith then I claim to be a better follower
of the Qur’an and authentic Hadith than those who call themselves ‘
Ahle-Hadith’. All these are mere labels (Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki,
Ahle-Hadith) that are not endorsed by the Qur’an or the Sahih Ahadith.
The only label or title given by the Qur’an and the Sahih Ahadith is MUSLIM.
All the Groups have sub divisions
I personally have no objection if someone calls himself Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali,
Maliki or Ahle Hadith. People give different labels to themselves to identify
which set of teachings they prefer to follow and to disassociate themselves from
those people who follow wrong practices. From history we come to know that all
the labels given to different groups, at a later stage the people from that
group themselves did not follow their teachings and made new sub-groups.
Therefore in all the groups you find a sub-division.
But as far as giving a label to identify what a person practices in Islam is
concerned, there can not be better label than what Allah (swt) has given i.e. a
Our Prophet was a Muslim
“Who was our beloved Prophet (pbuh)? Was he a Hanafi or a Shafi, or a Hanbali or
a Maliki ?” No! He was a Muslim, like all the other Prophets and Messengers of
Allah before him.
It is mentioned in chapter 3 verse 52 of Al-Qur’an that Jesus (pbuh) was a
Further , in chapter 3 verse 67, Al-Qur’an says that Ibrahim (pbuh) was not a
Jew or a Christian but was a Muslim.
Qur’an says call yourselves Muslims
There is no Qur’anic verse or any authentic Hadith that says you should call
yourselves Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki or Ahle Hadith.
If anyone poses a Muslim the question who are you, he should say “I am a Muslim,
not a Hanafi or a Shafi or a Ahle-Hadith”.
In Surah Fussilat chapter 41 verse 33 Allah (swt) says: “Who is better in speech
than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says, ‘I am of those
Who bow in Islam (Muslim)?’ “[Al-Qur’an 41:33]
The Qur’an instructs, “Say: I am of those who bow in Islam”. In other words,
say, “I am a Muslim”.
The Prophet (pbuh) dictated letters to non-Muslim kings and rulers inviting them
to accept Islam. In these letters he mentioned the verse of the Qur’an from
Surah Al Imran chapter 3 verse 64:
Say ye: “Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (submitting to Allah’s
Lip Service Muslims
Allah knew that even in the Muslim Ummah there will be many people who claim to
be Muslims (i.e. claim to submit their will to Allah) but practically will not
follow Allah’s commands.
Allah refers to such people in the Qur’an as lip service Believers (Al Qur’an
5:41). Thus we can conclude that those who claim to be Muslims but do not follow
Qur’an and Sunnah are Lip-Service Muslims. Those who follow the Qur’an and
authentic Hadith should not change their label, and stick to the best label
given by Allah (swt) i.e. Muslim and which the Prophet also called himself.
The Prophet had said that there would be 73 sects.
Some may argue by quoting the Hadith of our beloved Prophet, from Sunan Abu
Dawood Hadith No. 4579. In this Hadith the Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have
said, “My community will split up into seventy-three sects.”
This hadith reports that the prophet predicted the emergence of seventy-three
sects. He did not say that Muslims should be active in dividing themselves into
sects. The Glorious Qur’an commands us not to create sects. Those who follow the
teachings of the Qur’an and Sahih Hadith, and do not create sects are the people
who are on the true path.
According to Tirmidhi Hadith No. 171, the prophet (pbuh) is reported to have
said, “My Ummah will be fragmented into seventy three sects, and all of them
will be in Hell fire except one sect.” The companions asked Allah’s messenger
which group that would be. Where upon he replied, “It is the one to which I and
my companions belong”.
The Glorious Qur’an mentions in several verses, “Obey Allah and obey His
Messenger”. A true Muslim should only follow the Glorious Qur’an and the Sahih
Hadith. He can agree with the views of any scholar as long as they conform to
the teachings of the Qur’an and Sahih Hadith. If such views go against the Word
of Allah, or the Sunnah of His Prophet, then they carry no weight, regardless of
how learned the scholar might be. A true Muslim will not follow any ruling or
teaching of any great scholar of Islam if that particular ruling or teaching
contradicts the Qur’an and Saheeh Hadith.
Thus, the only school of thought that a Muslim should follow, is that of Prophet
Muhammad (pbuh). The only Madhab that a Muslim should follow, is the Madhab of
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). And Allah knows the Best.
Time for Asr Salah
As far as your specific query regarding the timing of Asr Salah is concerned, it
is mentioned in Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 1 Chapter No. 147 Hadith No. 393,
Narrrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said : Gabriel (pbuh)
…. prayed the Asr Salah with me when shadow of everything was as long as
itself….. On the following day he prayed the Asr Prayer with me when his shadow
was twice as long as himself….. Then turning to me he said : Muhammad, this is
the time observed by the prophets before you, and the time is anywhere between
these two times.
It is mentioned in Sunan Abu Dawood Volume No. 1 Chapter No. 158 Hadith No. 426,
Umm Farwah said : The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was asked : Which of the actions
is best ? He replied: Observing prayer early in its period. Therefore it is
preferable to pray early (i.e. at the beginning of the prescribed period for
Salaah). For all the Salaah except Isha, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said it is
preferable to pray early.
Narrated Saiyar bin Salama : The Prophet loved to delay the Isha… and he
disliked sleeping before it and speaking after it. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol. 1
Hadith No. 522)
However, if a person is unable to pray at the early hour, it is permitted to
pray at any time within the prescribed period for Salaah. Only If all the
Muslims read the Qur’an with understanding and adhere to Sahih Hadith,
Insha-Allah most of these differences would be solved and we could be one united
Muslim Ummah. And Allah Knows the Best.
15. Why Islam proposes a discriminatory share of Inheritance by giving women
only half of what men receive?
The Glorious Qur’an contains specific and detailed guidance regarding the
division of the inherited wealth, among the rightful beneficiaries. The Qur’anic
verses that contain guidance regarding inheritance are: Surah Baqarah, chapter 2
verse 180, Surah Baqarah, chapter 2 verse 240, Surah Nisa, chapter 4 verse 7-9,
Surah Nisa, chapter 4 verse 19, Surah Nisa, chapter 4 verse 33 and Surah Maidah,
chapter 5 verse 106-108.
There are three verses in the Qur’an that broadly describe the share of close
relatives i.e. Surah Nisa chapter 4 verses 11, 12 and 176. The translation of
these verses is as follows:
“Allah (thus) directs you as regards your children’s (inheritance): to the male,
a portion equal to that of two females, if only daughters, two or more, their
share is two-thirds of the inheritance; If only one, her share is a half. For
parents, a sixth share of the inheritance to each, if the deceased left
children; If no children, and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a
third; if the deceased left brothers (or sisters) the mother has a sixth. (The
distribution in all cases is) after the payment of legacies and debts. You know
not whether your parents or your children are nearest to you in benefit. These
are settled portions ordained by Allah; and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. In
what your wives leave, your share is half, If they leave no child, but if they
leave a child, you get a fourth; after payment of legacies and debts. In what
you leave; their share is a fourth, if you leave no child; but if you leave a
child, they get an eight; after payment of legacies and debts. If the man or
woman whose inheritance is in question, has left neither ascendants nor
descendants, but has left a brother or a sister, each one of the two gets a
sixth; but if more than two, they share in a third; after payment of legacies
and debts; so that no loss is caused (to anyone). Thus it is ordained by Allah;
and Allah is All-Knowing Most Forbearing” [Al-Qur’an 4:11-12]
“They ask thee for a legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) about those who
leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs. If it is a man that dies, leaving a
sister but no child, she shall have half the inheritance. If (such a deceased
was) a woman who left no child, her brother takes her inheritance: If there are
two sisters, they shall have two thirds of the inheritance (between them). If
there are brothers and sisters, (they share), the male having twice the share of
the female. Thus doth Allah (swt) make clear to you (His law), lest you err. And
Allah has knowledge of all things. [Al-Qur’an 4:176]
In most of the cases, a woman inherits half of what her male counterpart
inherits. However, this is not always the case. In case the deceased has left no
ascendant or descendent but has left the uterine brother and sister, each of the
two inherit one sixth. If the deceased has left children, both the parents that
is mother and father get an equal share and inherit one sixth each. In certain
cases, a woman can also inherit a share that is double that of the male. If the
deceased is a woman who has left no children, brothers or sisters and is
survived only by her husband, mother and father, the husband inherits half the
property while the mother inherits one third and the father the remaining one
sixth. In this particular case, the mother inherits a share that is double that
of the father. It is true that as a general rule, in most cases, the female
inherits a share that is half that of the male. For instance in the following
1. Daughter inherits half of what the son inherits,
2. Wife inherits 1/8th and husband 1/4th if the deceased has no children.
3. Wife inherits 1/4th and husband 1/2 if the deceased has children
4. If the deceased has no ascendant or descendent, the sister inherits a share
that is half that of the brother.
In Islam a woman has no financial obligation and the economical responsibility
lies on the shoulders of the man. Before a woman is married it is the duty of
the father or brother to look after the lodging, boarding, clothing and other
financial requirements of the woman. After she is married it is the duty of the
husband or the son. Islam holds the man financially responsible for fulfilling
the needs of his family. In order to do be able to fulfill the responsibility
the men get double the share of the inheritance. For example, if a man dies and
after giving the shares of other relatives, if the children (i.e one son and one
daughter) inherit Rs. One Hundred and Fifty Thousand, the son will inherit One
Hundred Thousand rupees and the daughter only Fifty Thousand rupees. Out of the
one hundred thousand which the son inherits, as his duty towards his family, he
may have to spend on them almost the entire amount or say about eighty thousand
and thus he has a small percentage of inheritance, say about twenty thousand,
left for himself. On the other hand, the daughter, who inherits fifty thousand,
is not bound to spend a single penny on anybody. She can keep the entire amount
for herself. Would you prefer inheriting one hundred thousand rupees and
spending eighty thousand from it, or inheriting fifty thousand rupees and having
the entire amount to yourself?
17. Muslim scholars differ amongst themselves on the issue of the obligatory
duty (or otherwise) of veiling of the face by Muslim women. In Islam, rules and
regulations and the do's and don'ts are derived from the word of Allah, i.e. the
Glorious Qur'an and the teachings of the Messenger of Allah, i.e. the authentic
The Qur'an says: "O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those
charged with authority among you. If you differ in anything among yourselves,
refer it to Allah and His Messenger if you do believe in Allah and the Last Day:
that is best and most suitable for final determination." (Al-Qur'an 4:59)
As mentioned in the verse quoted above, when people in authority, the rulers,
leaders, imams and scholars differ amongst themselves, our Creator instructs us
to look into the Qur'an and the authentic Ahadith for guidance. The legitimacy,
relevance and accuracy of the reasons and evidence provided by these people
should be evaluated in the light of the Qur'an and the Sunnah. However, it
should be borne in mind that infallibility belongs to Allah alone and a scholar,
being a human, can make an error of judgement.
There is no clear-cut authentic hadith to the effect of making the face veil
obligatory. Those scholars, who insist that covering the face is obligatory for
Muslim women, interpret 'al-idnaa' in the verse of the jilbaab (Al-Qur'an:
33:59) to mean, "covering the face". This interpretation is erroneous because
the basic meaning of the word in Arabic is "to come close", as the well-known
scholar, ar-Raaghib al-Asbahaanee mentions in his authoritative dictionary
'al-Mufradaat'. Some people claim that jilbaab is "a garment which covers the
face". This too is a misinterpretation as it is contrary to the interpretation
of the leading scholars of past and present as well, who define jilbaab as a
garment which women drape over their head scarves (khimaar).
Some people claim that the khimaar (headscarf) in Al-Qur'an 24:31 covers the
head and the face, whereas linguistically the word only means a head covering.
The Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said "Allah does not accept the prayer of
a woman who has reached puberty unless she wears a khimaar". (Sunan Abu Dawood,
vol. 1, hadith No. 641)
However, no scholar insists on covering the face in Salaah for women based on
the hadith quoted above, which further substantiates that khimaar does not mean
covering the face. Shaykh Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee, one of the foremost scholars
of recent times has clarified in detail, the errors made by these scholars who
insist on the obligatory nature of the face veil in his books ar-Radd al-Mufhim
& Jilbaab al-Mar'ah al-Muslimah (3rd edition, 1996, al-Maktabah al-Islaamiyyah).
Likewise, other scholars like Ibn Muflih al-Hambalee, an-Nawawee, al-Qaadee
'Iyaad are too of the opinion that covering the face is not obligatory.
As stated earlier, that there is not a single authentic hadith that makes
covering the face obligatory. On the other hand, we find several ahadith which
prove that covering the face is not compulsory in Islam. For instance, once
while the prophet was admonishing and preaching to a group of women after having
admonished the men on the Id day, "...a woman having a dark spot on her cheek
stood up..." seeking clarification on the subject the prophet was discussing.
(Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2, Hadith No. 1926)
It is understood from the above-mentioned hadith that the woman having
interaction with the prophet was not covering her face nor did the prophet
command her to do so. It is incumbent upon every Muslim to enjoin right and
forbid wrong, as Allah instructed us in the Glorious Qur'an. Thus we cannot
expect the prophet, on whom the Qur'an was revealed, to let the woman keep her
face uncovered after having known the obligation of covering the face.
Narrated Ata bin Abi Rabah (R.A.) Ibn 'Abbas said to me, "Shall I show you a
woman of the people of Paradise?" I said, "Yes." He said, "This black lady came
to the Prophet and said..." (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 7, Hadith No. 555 - Dar Al
Arabia- Beirut- Lebanon & Sahih Muslim Hadith No. 6571-Darusslam- Arabic)
The hadith quoted above proves that the 'woman of the people of the paradise'
was not covering her face when she had visited the prophet nor was she covering
it when Ibn 'Abbas was discussing about her later. Some may argue by saying she
could be recognized owing to the dark complexion of her hand and not due to the
exposure of her face. However, this argument would carry no weight since she was
not the only black woman at the time of the prophet. Moreover, to identify a
person, the aspect of exposure of the face is of immense significance.
The Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said, "...The Muhrima (a woman in the
state of Ihram) should not cover her face, or wear gloves." (Sahih Bukhari, Vol.
3, Hadith No. 1838)
With regards to the hadith quoted above, some people say that the commandment of
the prophet (pbuh) not to cover the face is specifically for the women in the
state of Ihram, thus it cannot be used as an evidence because in Ihram certain
rules and regulations change. However, the point to be noted here is that the
things that are Mustahab (recommended) can be made Haraam (forbidden), like the
cutting of nails, even the things that are Mubah (permissible) or Mustahab
(recommended) can be made Fard (obligatory), e.g. wearing two pieces of white
unsewn cloth is made Fard for a man, while normally it is Mubah (permissible).
But anything that is Haraam in the normal course of life can never be made Fard.
Hence, if exposing the face is Haraam for women, then how can it be made Fard in
During the day of Nahr (10th Dhul-Hijja), when Al-Fadl bin 'Abbas was riding
behind the prophet on his she -camel, "...a beautiful woman from the tribe of
Khath'am came, asking the verdict of Allah's Apostle. Al-Fadl started looking at
her as her beauty attracted him. The Prophet looked behind while Al-Fadl was
looking at her; so the Prophet held out his hand backwards and caught the chin
of Al-Fadl and turned his face (to the other side) in order that he should not
gaze at her..." (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 8, Hadith No. 6228)
In the above-mentioned hadith we find Al-Fadl looking at the lady because her
beauty attracted him. Here too, it is understood that the face of the lady was
exposed as the hadith says that the woman was beautiful. Obviously, it is the
face that plays the most significant role in making a person being perceived as
ugly or beautiful. In spite of this, the prophet didn't instruct the lady to
cover her face but instead turned the face of Al-Fadl in order to prevent him
from staring at her, further substantiating the verse of the Qur'an from Surah
An-Noor, 24:30, which says: "Say to the believing men that they should lower
their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them:
and Allah is well acquainted with all that they do."
The Qur'an further says in the next verse: And say to the believing women that
they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not
display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear
thereof... (Al-Qur'an 24:31)
When Ibne Abbaas (RA), the leading commentator of the Qur'an was asked about the
verse mentioned above as to what it meant, he replied, "it refers to the face
and hands". (Collected by Ibn Abee Shaybah in al-Musannaf, Vol. 3, p. 540 & 541,
hadith no. 16997 & 17012 and al-Bayhaqi in Sunan al- Kubraa. Al-Albaanee ruled
in Jilbaab al-Mar'ah al-Muslimah, pp 59-60, that the isnaad of this statement is
Some scholars argue that all the ahadith, which speak of women's faces being
seen, are of the time earlier than the revelation of the verses of Al-Qur'an
33:59 & 24:31, which make covering the face compulsory. Firstly, as discussed
earlier, these Qur'anic verses do not make covering the face compulsory for
women. Secondly, to prove that these verses make the covering of women's face
compulsory, they have to quote an authentic hadith for it, which they don't.
Thirdly most of the ahadith quoted above, are of the time after these Qur'anic
verses were revealed.
Thus, it can be concluded that covering the face is not obligatory for women.
However, covering the face was obligatory for the Ummul Mu'mineen, the wives of
the Prophet (pbuh) as was Tahajjud obligatory for the Prophet (pbuh). Although
Muslims are exempted from its obligation, it is still a highly recommended
Sunnah for the Muslims. The scholars unanimously agree that it is preferable for
Muslim women to cover their faces. Thus it is not compulsory for Muslim Women to
cover their faces but those women who cover their faces may continue to do so if
they wish. And Allah knows the best.
19. I heard a Maulana saying that it is Biddat to quote the Bible to do Daw’ah
to the Ahle-Kitab (People of the Book; i.e. the Jews and the Christians). I
would like to get the answer from Dr. Zakir Naik whether it is allowed as he
very often quotes the Bible.
Although majority of the Muslim Scholars find nothing wrong in the act of
quoting the scriptures of Ahle-Kitaab (People of the Book; i.e. the Jews and the
Christians) for the purpose of Daw’ah, there are some Muslims who harbour a
misconception that it is wrong to do so. Some of the Scholars among them state
that ‘those Muslims who quote the Bible are doing Bid’ah’. It will be pertinent
to know the relevance of the evidence provided by these people to substantiate
their claim. The only Hadith that is very often quoted by them is as follows:
“Narrated Jabir Ibn Abdullah : Umar ibn al-Khattab brought to Allah’s Messenger
(peace be upon him) a copy of the Torah and said: ‘Allah’s Messenger, this is a
copy of the Torah’. He (Allah’s Messenger) kept quiet and he (Umar) began to
read it. The colour of the face of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)
underwent a change, whereupon Abu Bakr said: “Would that your mother mourn you,
don’t you see the face of Allah’s Messenger?’ Umar saw the face of Allah’s
Messenger (pbuh) and said: ‘I seek refuge with Allah from the wrath of Allah and
the wrath of His Messenger. We are well pleased with Allah as Lord, with Islam
as religion, and with Muhammad as Prophet’. Whereupon Allah’s Messenger (pbuh)
said : ‘By Him in Whose hand is the life of Muhammad, even if Moses were to
appear before you and you were to follow him, leaving me aside, you would
certainly stray into error; for if (Moses) were alive (now), and he found my
prophetical ministry, he would have definitely followed me’. (Sunan Ad-Darimi,
Vol. 1, Hadith No. 435)
Based on the Hadith quoted above, some scholars insist that it is forbidden for
the Muslims to quote the Bible, regardless of the purpose behind quoting it
since the Prophet (pbuh) expressed his displeasure when Umar (R.A.) read the
Torah. However, here the objection of the prophet (pbuh) was mainly on reading
the Torah for guidance, as can be understood by Umar’s prompt reafiirmation and
satisfaction with Allah as lord, with Islam as religion and with Muhammad (pbuh)
as messenger. The Prophet’s (pbuh) remark further clarifies that even if Moses
was alive, he would have definitely followed him, meaning Moses (pbuh) too would
have followed the Qur’an and the teachings of Muhammad (pbuh). Thus those Muslim
Da’ees who quote the Old Testament or the New Testament of the Bible for the
purpose of Daw’ah do not quote it with the intention of following them or
seeking guidance from them, because the ultimate and the best of the guidance is
found in the last and the final testament, the Glorious Qur’an and the authentic
Says Allah in the Qur’an: “This day have I perfected your religion for you
completed my favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”
With regards to quoting the Bible for the purpose of Daw’ah, the authentic
sources of knowledge of Islam indicate beyond any doubt that it is permissible
for the Muslims to do so.
Let us first analyse the following verse of the Qur’an : Say : “O people of the
book! Come to common terms as between us and you: that we worship none but
Allah; that we associate no partners with Him; that we erect not from among
ourselves Lords and patrons other than Allah.” If then they turn back say: “Bear
witness that we (atleast) are Muslims (bowing to Allah’s will).”
In the verse quoted above, Allah instructs Muslims to invite the Ahle-Kitab to
common terms, with the first term being the oneness of Allah. How will a Muslim
get to common terms without knowing the terms of the faith of Ahle-Kitab? It is
either through studying their scriptures, or is it to be presumed that all
Muslims are well versed with their term ? If a person tries to know the common
terms just by looking at the followers of Christianity, he will be in a dilemma
as to what the common terms are, because majority of the Christians believe in
many diverse concepts, several of which are contrary to the teaching of the
Let us analyse some more verses of the Qur’an : “ All food was lawful to the
children of Israel except what Israel made unlawful for itself before the Law of
Moses was revealed. Say: “Bring you the Law (Torah) and study it if you be men
of truth.” (Al Qur’an 3:93)
Allah also says : And they (the jews and the Christians) say: “None shall enter
paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian”. Those are their (vain) desires. Say
:” Produce your proof if you are truthful.” (Al-Qur’an 2:111)
In the verse Quoted above Allah (swt) commands us to demand for proof for the
claims of the Jews and the Christians. And they have produced the only proof
they have – i.e. the Bible, in over two thousand different languages of the
world. Are we going to swallow their ‘proof’ hook, line and sinker? It is
presupposed that when Allah commands us to demand for proof, that we would
analyse the proof, once it is produced. Otherwise it makes no sense to demand
The following Hadith from Sahih Al Bukhari further substantiates that it is
permissible to quote the scriptures of the Ahle-Kitab:
Narrated Abdullah bin Amr The Prophet said, “Convey (my teachings) to the people
even if it were a single sentence, and tell others the stories of Bani Israel,
for it is not sinful to do so. And whoever tells a lie on me intentionally, will
surely take his place in the (Hell) Fire.” (Sahih Al Bukhari, Vol. 4, Hadith no.
There are some scholars who interprets this Hadith by saying that the permission
to quote the stories of Bani Israel and that this Hadith refers to the stories
mentioned in the Qur’an, and not in the Scriptures of Ahle-Kitab. However, we
should understand the Hadith according to the understanding of the narrator of
the Hadith, Abdullah bin Amr (R.A.), the companion of the Prophet (pbuh),
because the narrator’s understanding would be far more accurate than the
different understanding of all the modern interpreters put together.
Ibn Kathir comments on this Hadith as follows: “This Hadith from ‘Abdullah bin
Amr was collected by Al-Bukhari (Fath Al Bari 6:572). This is why when ‘Abdullah
bin Amr’ had possession of two books from the people of the scriptures on the
day (battle) of Yarmuk , he used to narrate what was in them, because of what he
understood of the hadith that allowed this practice.” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir,
Abridged, Vol. 1, page no. 31)
The Hadith quoted above should be proof enough even for the most skeptics among
those who object to quoting the Bible for the purpose of Daw’ah.
Following is the translation of the words of Shaykhul-Islam Ibn-Taymiyyah taken
from ‘Majmu’atul-Fatawa’, Vol. 7, Part no. 13, paged 196-197, as well as Tafsir
Ibn Kathir, abridged, Vol. 1, page no. 31: “Yet, the Israelite accounts and
stories should only be used as supporting evidence, not as evidence themselves.
There are three types of these accounts and tales; a kind that we are sure is
authentic because we have in our religion something that testifies to its truth.
The second type is what we know to be false based on what we have. The third is
of neither type. Hence we neither affirm nor deny this type, and we allowed to
narrate it because of the Hadith that we mentioned…..”
Let us analyse the following Hadith : Narrated Ibn Umar A Jew and a Jewess were
brought to Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) on a charge of committing an illegal sexual
intercourse. The Prophet (pbuh) asked them. “What is the legal punishment (for
this sin) in your book (Torah)?” They replied, “Our priests have innovated the
punishment of blackening the faces with charcoal and Tajbiya.” Abdullah bin
Salam said, “O Allah’s Messenger, tell them to bring the Torah.” The Torah was
brought, and then one of the jews put his hand over the Divine Verse of the
Rajam (stoning to death) and started reading what preceded and what followed it.
On that, Ibn Salam said to the jew, “Lift your hand.” Behold ! The Divine Verse
of the Rajam was under his hand. So Allah’s Messenger ordered that the two
(sinners) be stoned to death, and they were stoned. Ibn ‘Umar added: so both of
them were stoned at the Balat and I saw the jew sheltering the Jewess. (Sahih
Bukhari, Vol. 8, Hadith No. 6819)
From the Hadith quoted above, we realize that the Prophet (pbuh) punished the
jew and the jewess according to the law of Torah since the law was going in
accordance with the law of the Qur’an. Here the intention of the Prophet (pbuh)
was not to follow the Torah but to implement from it what was conciliating with
the Qur’an, i.e. the punishment for adultery. Similarly the easiest way to prove
a point to a person who believes in the Bible is to make reference to the Bible.
For example, the Bible says in the Gospel of Mark 12:29 “Hear, O Israel; The
Lord of our God is one Lord”. By making a Christian believe in one God through
this verse, we also make him believe in the first verse of Surah Al-Ikhlas,
chapter 112 of the Qur’an says: “He is Allah the One and Only”. This would help
negate the concept of Trinity from his mind. Thus we follow the instructions of
Allah as mentioned in the verse quoted above from Al-Qur’an 3:64, which says:
‘Say ” O people of the Book! Come to common terms as between us and you: that we
worship none but Allah….”
Thus it can be concluded that it is permissible for the Muslims to quote Bible
for the purpose of Daw’ah and all those who object to it should ponder over the
evidence provided by us. And Allah Knows the Best.
20. Is the Quran Gods word
Click here to view the answer.
21. A lady I know converted to Islam, but her Christian parents want her to
visit the church with them. If she denies, then they have family problems. Can
the lady go to church, just to have normal relationship with the parents?
Islam instructs Muslims to be extremely respectful towards their parents,
regardless of their religion. Goodness towards one's parents is one of the most
essential commandments of Islam. Many verses of the Qur’an stress the importance
of being kind towards one’s parents.
The Glorious Qur'an says: “Your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him
and that you be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in
your life say not to them a word of contempt nor repel them, but address them in
terms of honour. And out of kindness lower to them the wing of humility and say:
"My Lord! Bestow on them your Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood."
A similar message is repeated in the following verse: “And We have enjoined on
man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him
and in years twain was his weaning: (Hear the command) "Show gratitude to Me and
to thy parents: to Me is (thy final) Goal.” (Al-Qur'an 31:14)
However, Allah continues in the next verse: “But if they strive to make you join
in worship with Me things of which you have no knowledge obey them not; Yet bear
them company in this life with justice (and consideration) and follow the way of
those who turn to Me (in love)…” (Al-Qur'an 31:15)
The rights of Allah take precedence over everyone else's. Therefore it is
prohibited in the Qur’an for a Muslim to visit a place of polytheistic worship
(or to visit a place where any besides Allah are worshipped) in order to please
one’s parents or out of fear that not doing so would lead to strain in family or
Allah repeats in the Qur'an: “We have enjoined on man kindness to parents: but
if they (either of them) strive (to force) you to join with Me (in worship)
anything of which you have no knowledge, obey them not. You have (all) to return
to Me and I will tell you (the truth) of all that you did.” (Al-Qur'an 29:8)
In the verses quoted above, the Muslims are commanded to show respect and
gratitude to their parents, irrespective of whether their parents are Muslims or
non-Muslims. They are also instructed to obey their parents unless they ask one
to violate the commandments of Allah and His Messenger. For example a Muslim
should not obey his / her non-Muslim parents when the parents want their Muslim
children to worship anybody or anything besides Allah, the Creator of all.
Indeed what can be a greater sin than associating partners with Allah? Thus it
is prohibited in Islam to accompany one’s parents in the matters of Shirk
(polytheism), including visiting a place of polytheistic worship (or visiting a
place where any besides Allah are worshipped).
It should however be borne in mind that a neo-Muslim should strive to invite
one’s parents to the truth which is Al-Islam. Even if one finds one’s parents
reluctant and unwilling to accept Islam, one should not get frustrated as they
may take some time to understand your ‘new’ religion, nor should you cut off
relationships with them because the verse of the Qur'an does not ask you to
ignore or neglect them but rather commands you to refrain from obeying them in
matters of Shirk (polytheism, including trinity or the concept that God begot a
In order to avoid family problems, the revert (neo-Muslim) should be dutiful and
kind towards them in other aspects of day-to-day life, which may not cause
him/her to compromise with his/her religious beliefs or practices, as the verse
of the Qur’an quoted earlier states, “Yet bear them company in this life with
justice (and consideration)”. One should not be arrogant or insolent but rather
be kind, considerate and courteous towards them. This display of kindness
towards one’s parents not only fulfills our obligation towards our Lord and the
Creator but also becomes the means through which the parents may accept Islam
and achieve salvation. Indeed, such beneficent teachings are not to be found in
any other religion.
22. I am a revert to Islam from a very orthodox Christian family. However my
hunger to delve deep into Islam and other religions never ceased. The sad part
of the story is that I never found anyone able to give at least most of the
answers for the questions I ask. But your newsletter seems to be doing a good
job. Here are a few questions I wish you could answer. Why aren’t Islamic
missionaries active the way Christian missionaries are? Won’t Islam grow much
faster and misunderstandings removed if there are good scholars to preach the
faith? Why is there such a slack among Muslims? Is it permissible in Islam to
sponsor an orphan? Not adoption. Something like sponsoring his education, etc.?
Are the views of the so-called ‘terrorists’ like bin Laden really wrong or
justifiable? I mean should a Muslim support his activities? Can children and
innocent people be killed in wars when the prophet had declared not to do so?
It’s true that Muslims today are not as active as Christians in propagating
their religion, though the Muslims are expected by Islam to be the best of
missionaries. Islam is a religion that should have the maximum number of
missionaries because Da'wah (propagation of one’s faith) is obligatory /
compulsory in Islam.
The Glorious Qur'an says: “Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and
beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most
gracious.” (Al-Qur'an 16:125)
But unfortunately we Muslims are not doing our job. Moreover, there is virulent
propaganda about Islam and Muslims by the international media. Today the number
of misconceptions about Islam has reached an endemic and epidemic level. It is
the duty of Muslims to clarify these misconceptions and to present the pure
Islamic teachings, based on the Qur'an and the authentic traditions of the
But irrespective whether the Muslims do the job or not, Allah has promised to
make his Deen (Al-Islam) prevail over all other ways of life and all other
Allah says in the Qur'an: “It is He who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and
the Religion of Truth to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is Allah for
a Witness.” (Al-Qur'an 48:28) A similar message is mentioned in Al-Qur'an 9:33 &
It should be borne in mind that Allah is not in need of us Muslims in order to
make his Deen prevail. He, however, has given us an opportunity to do a
prophet’s job and to earn a prophet’s reward.
The slack among the Muslims is due to their inability to perceive the benefits
of reading the Qur'an with understanding. It is through reading the Qur'an with
understanding and meaning will we know what our Lord and Creator expects from us
in order that we prosper in this life as well as in the Hereafter.
Allah says in the Qur'an: ‘Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to
Allah, works righteousness and says, "I am of those who bow in Islam"?’
With regards to sponsoring an orphan, Islam encourages such acts of charity as
is mentioned in various places in the Qur'an.
The Qur'an says: “Worship none but Allah; treat with kindness your parents and
kindred and orphans and those in need; speak fair to the people; be steadfast in
prayer; and practice regular charity.” (Al-Qur'an 2:83)
The Prophet (pbuh) is also reported to have said: "I, and the one who looks
after an orphan, will be like this in Paradise," showing his middle and index
fingers and separating them. (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 7, Hadith No. 224)
Thus the act of sponsoring an orphan is highly recommended in Islam and Allah
will surely reward you for that.
Regarding your question on terrorists, I say every Muslim should be a ‘terrorist
for the anti-social elements of society’. A terrorist is a person who causes
terror. The moment a robber sees a policeman he is terrified. A policeman is a
terrorist for the robber. Similarly every Muslim should be a terrorist for the
anti-social elements of society, be they thieves, pick-pockets, black-marketers
or rapists. Whenever an anti-social element sees a Muslim, he should be
terrified. It is true that the word ‘terrorist’ is generally used for a person
who causes terror among innocent people. But a true Muslim should only be a
terrorist to anti-social elements and not to innocent people. Infact a Muslim
should be a source of peace and solace for innocent and righteous people.
Before India achieved independence from British rule, some freedom fighters of
India who did not subscribe to non-violence were labeled as terrorists by the
British government. These very individuals have been lauded by us Indians for
the same activities and hailed as ‘patriots’. Thus two different labels have
been given to the same people for the same set of actions. One called them
terrorists while the other called them patriots. Those who believed that Britain
had a right to rule over India called these freedom fighters terrorists, while
those who were of the view that Britain had no right to rule India called them
patriots and freedom fighters.
It is therefore important that before a person is judged, he is given a fair
hearing. Both sides of the argument should be heard, the situation should be
objectively and fairly analyzed and the reason and the intention of the person
should be taken into account, and then the person can be judged accordingly.
While there can be no justifiable reason for killing innocents, it is also
patently unfair to accuse any of killing innocents without a fair trial and
process of justice.
Regarding Osama bin Laden, one does not know whether he is good or bad. I have
not met him personally nor do I know him. I cannot give my opinion based on the
reports of BBC or the CNN. Most of the news on the international media is
tailor-made to suit ulterior motives and suited to project the image what they
The Qur'an says: “O you who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any
news ascertain the truth lest you harm people unwittingly and afterwards become
full of repentance for what you have done.” (Al-Qur'an 49:6)
With regards to the last part of your question, Islam forbids killing of
innocent people. The Qur'an says: “ … If anyone slew a person unless it be for
murder or for spreading mischief in the land it would be as if he slew the whole
humanity: and if anyone saved a life it would be as if he saved the life of the
whole humanity.” (Al-Qur'an 5:32)
Killing any innocent human being, whether Muslim or non-Muslim is not allowed in
Islam. Even in the circumstances of war, this aspect is not to be ignored.
The first caliph of Islam, Abu Bakr As-Siddique (R) is reported to have
commanded Usama ibne Zaid (R): “I command you to do ten things: you must not
kill a woman or a child, or an elderly person; do not cut down trees, or
vandalize homes, or wound a sheep or camel except if you must eat it; do not
drown a palm tree, or burn it, do not be treacherous; do not be cowardly; and
you will pass by people who have devoted themselves to monastery life: leave
them alone with their devotions.” (Tarikh At-Tabari, V.3, p.210)
Thus killing children or innocent people are not allowed in Islam. And Allah
knows the best.
23. Is belief in the existence of Prophet Jesus (pbuh) cardinal to Islamic
faith? Will he appear again at the end, and if so, what will be his purpose? Is
there any other Prophet still alive?
Yes, Islam is the only non-Christian faith, which makes it an article of faith
to believe in Jesus Christ (pbuh). No Muslim is a Muslim if he does not believe
in Jesus Christ (pbuh). We believe that he was one of the mightiest Messengers
of Allah (swt). We believe that he was the Messiah, translated ‘Christ’. We
believe that he was born miraculously, without any male intervention, which many
modern day Christians do not believe. We believe that he gave life to the dead
with God’s permission. We believe that he healed those born blind and the lepers
with God’s permission.
Allah says in the Qur'an regarding Jesus Christ (pbuh): And remember Jesus the
son of Mary said: "O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah (sent) to
you…” (Surah Saff 61:6)
Infact Islam makes it an article of faith to believe not only in Jesus Christ
(pbuh) but all the Messengers that preceded and followed him. By name only
twenty-five Messengers are mentioned in the Qur'an.
Allah instructs us in the Qur'an: “O you who believe! believe in Allah and his
Messenger and the scripture which He has sent to His Messenger and the scripture
which He sent to those before (him). And who denies Allah, His angels, His
Books, His Messengers and the Day of Judgment have gone far far astray.”
Thus belief in the Messengers, including Jesus (pbuh) is an important belief of
Islam. Though Jesus (pbuh) is mentioned by name twenty-five times in the Qur'an,
he is also referred with other respectable terms such as ‘Ibne Maryam’ - son of
Mary; as ‘Masih’ – translated Christ, as ‘Rasulullah’ - Messenger of Allah, as
‘Abdullah’ – servant of Allah, as ‘a word of Allah’, as ‘a spirit proceeding
from Allah’, as ‘a sign of Allah’ and numerous other epithets spread over
fifteen different chapters of the Qur'an.
It is also true that the Muslims, on the authority of the Qur'an and the sayings
of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) believe in the second coming of Jesus Christ (pbuh).
He was the only Prophet of Allah who was raised up alive.
Allah says: ‘…They said (in boast) "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary the
Messenger of Allah"; but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was
made to appear to them; and those who differ therein are full of doubts with no
(certain) knowledge but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed
him not. Nay Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power,
Allah mentions the second coming of Jesus Christ (pbuh) in the following verse
of the Qur'an: “And indeed, he (i.e. Jesus) will be (a sign for) knowledge of
the Hour, so be not in doubt of it, and follow Me. This is a straight path.”
The reason why Jesus (pbuh) is the only Prophet of Allah who was raised up alive
by Allah is because he was the only Prophet whose “followers” mistook him as
God. They wrongly say that he claimed divinity. Thus he will come back again to
this world to clarify all such misconceptions.
Says Allah in the Qur'an: ‘And behold! Allah will say "O Jesus the son of Mary!
did you say unto men worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah"?
He will say: "Glory to You! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had
I said such a thing you would indeed have known it. You know what is in my heart
though I know not what is in yours. For You know in full all that is hidden.’
There are no less than seventy Ahadith that speak of the second coming of Jesus
In one of the Ahadith, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is reported to have said: "By Him
in Whose Hands my soul is, son of Mary (Jesus) will shortly descend amongst you
people (Muslims) as a just ruler and will break the cross and kill the pig and
abolish the Jizya (a tax taken from the non-Muslims who are in the protection of
the Muslim government). Then there will be abundance of money and nobody will
accept charitable gifts.” (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3. Hadith no. 425)
It should also be borne in mind that Jesus Christ (pbuh), in his second coming
will not be coming with any new message or revelation.
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is reported to have said: "How will you be when the son
of Mary (i.e. Jesus) descends amongst you and he will judge people by the Law of
the Qur'an and not by the law of the Gospel”. (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 4. Hadith No.
Let’s now analyse the following words attributed to Jesus Christ (pbuh) in the
Bible: "Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in
thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many
wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart
from me, ye that work iniquity.” [The Bible, Mathew 7:22-24]
In the verses quoted above, Jesus (pbuh) said that in his second coming, he
would ask the people to depart from him, to get away from him because he
wouldn’t know them. Who are these people? The Muslims or the Hindus? The answer
is neither Hindus nor Muslims but the Christians, because Muslims or Hindus do
not claim to do “Miracles” in the name of Jesus Christ (pbuh) nor do they cast
out devils in his name.
Thus Muslims believe in Jesus Christ (pbuh) to be one of the mightiest
Messengers of Allah and also believe in his second coming.
24. There is so much confusion on a simple thing as the trousers or pant
covering the ankle. While different Alims explain this based on their own school
of thought, what is the authentic ruling on this as guided by the prophet
There is no difference of opinion amongst the scholars with regards to
covering/non-covering of the ankles. All the scholars, regardless of their
different schools of thought and differences in many issues, have no difference
of opinion in this regard. They all unanimously agree that the length of the
lower garment, i.e. the trousers/pants/izars etc. should be above the ankles for
men. Thus it is forbidden for men to cover their ankles with their lower
garments i.e. trousers/pants/izars etc. There are several authentic Ahadith to
substantiate this ruling.
Narrated Abu Huraira Allah's Messenger (pbuh) said, "Allah will not look, on the
Day of Resurrection, at a person who drags his Izar (behind him) out of pride
and arrogance." (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 7, Hadith no. 5788)
There may be few Muslims who tend to differ on the subject due to ignorance.
They argue by saying ‘the Hadith says that anyone who drags the Izar out of
pride and arrogance will be punished in the hereafter. Therefore we don’t drag
the pants out of pride and arrogance’.
However, there are many Ahadith in which the Prophet has instructed in
unambiguous words to wear the Izar above the ankles without mentioning the
aspect of pride or arrogance.
One of the Ahadith is as follows: Narrated Abu Huraira The Prophet said, "The
part of an Izar which hangs below the ankles is in the Fire." (Sahih Bukhari,
Vol. 7, Hadith no. 678)
In the Hadith quoted above, there is a general instruction to keep the trouser
above the ankle, irrespective whether it is out of pride & arrogance or without
pride & arrogance.
Moreover, can any human being claim to be as humble as the Prophet (pbuh)?
Alhumdulillah, we Muslims believe that the Prophet (pbuh) was far more humble
than anyone of us can ever be and he could never be as arrogant & proud as we
can be at any given time. He was sent as a mercy (Al-Qur'an 21: 107) for all the
creatures, yet he wore his lower garments above the ankles. Therefore we should
obey the commandment of the Prophet (pbuh) in order to prosper in the hereafter.
The Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said: "All my followers will enter
Paradise except those who refuse." They said, "O Allah's Messenger! Who will
refuse?" He said, "Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me
is the one who refuses (to enter it)." (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 9, Hadith no. 384)
Thus, it is incumbent upon the Muslim men to wear the pants/trousers/izars above
the ankles. And Allah knows the best.
25. Dr. Zakir Naik interview, How Shameful, We Don't Have a Media of Our Own!
Dr. Zakir Naik, eminent scholar of Islam and comparative religion spoke to
Shiraz Khaki, during his recent visit to the Kashmir Valley, on subjects like
religion, politics, economy and media.
25a. If anything pertaining to faith cannot stand to logic, does that mean it
does not stand at all?
First you have to analyze what is the source of the faith that you are talking
about. If the source of the faith is Qur'an then, there is no question at all.
Whatever the Qur'an says, we believe. Yes, sometimes the translation is wrong.
So if you don’t know Arabic you cannot check out whether the answer is right or
wrong. The thing is that if you cannot prove something logically, there may be
someone else who will prove it. After Qur'an there comes Hadith and then comes
logic. You can’t put logic first.
25b. What are your views about the Islamic revivalist movements initiated by
Iqbal and Maulana Moududi in the sub-continent and Sayyid Qutb and Hasanul Banah
in Egypt. What can be the possible reasons for their apparent failure?
They were great people. They had their own views to revive the whole Muslim
Ummah. They launched a movement for that. But then every movement has its pros
and cons., so let’s take it that way.
25c. How can the oppression of global powers be combated?
The best way to reply is to have media of our own. Because the media is in the
hands of non- Muslims, they can propagate within minutes ,as they have powerful
channels like CNN and BBC. There are many papers in Mumbai and even in Kashmir,
but such papers are read by Muslims only. What is needed is an international
media. For any international news we turn to their channels. Do we have any
international newspaper, international magazine, international television
channel. No. Christians have hundreds of television channels. Hindus have, Jains
have, even Qadianis have. Allah has given us money. It is a shame for us that we
cannot even set up an international channel.
25d. Does Islam permit birth control and family planning?
Birth Control is different from family planning. Birth Control by definition
means a law to control birth laid down by the government. So Birth Control under
all conditions is Haram in Islam. Family Planning is different. About family
planning all the Ulema are unanimous that abortion is Haram. Islamic Sharia says
that the life of the mother is all important. So if the abortion is to save
mother’s life, then it’s Halal. .
25e. How long can a wife wait in case a husband disappears and does not return?
In a normal situation we can wait for as many years as we want. But sometimes,
we do not know the whereabouts of the person, whether he has died or got lost.
Then there are different views of different scholars. It depends on the
situation. Suppose a person goes for war and does not come back, he may be
captured by the enemy or he may have died. So it depends on the situation and
the time period. But the Ulema say that we can wait for few years till you get
the news. But if you don’t get the news, then the person can re-marry.
25f. Why does not a grandchild inherit from his grandfather in case his father
dies while the grandfather still alive?
As far as the grandchildren are concerned, there is no direction mentioned in
Quran or Hadith. But if you realize, Shariah gives permission for one third of
the share to be willed. But this one third should not fall in those categories
which Allah has established in Quran. For example I cannot say that I like the
elder son more than the younger one. Suppose I have a friend who has helped me a
lot. The maximum I’m allowed to will is one third of that. Since these
grandchildren don’t come directly under the inheritance, the grandfather can
will for a maximum of one third or less than that. So there is a scope given in
the Shariah for that.
25g. Should women work?
In Islam, it’s the duty of men to look after women. Before a woman is married,
it’s the duty of the father and the brother. After she gets married the duty
shifts to husband. But voluntarily if she wants to work, she can work as long as
the work is within the purview of Islamic Shariah. For example, we require our
women to be teachers. We want them to be doctors to look after women patients.
But certain jobs are not allowed. Where women have to expose their bodies like
modelling etc. Certain jobs are Haram for both men and women.. Working in a
casino or a bar is Haram for both men and women.
Even if she works, still it’s the duty of her husband to look after her and
there is no compulsion on her to give the money to the family. This is the right
Islam has given to a woman. But normally she should not work. Because her role
as a mother is more important. It’s the duty of the man to go out and work.
25h. With the fast devaluation of currency and ever changing economic pattern,
can the concept of interest be altered within the framework of Islam?
Allah mentions Ribah at eight places in the Quran. There is a strict prohibition
of the same everywhere that if you take Ribah, a war is declared against you
from Allah and his Rasool (SAW). Some scholars say that Ribah does not mean
interest. That’s totally wrong. There is no doubt about it. Ribah means interest
and usury. It’ll take time to prove logically why Ribah is Haram.
25i. How can we explain the philosophy behind the Quranic verse where Allah says
that he has sent the Prophet (Pbuh) to make Islam conquer all other religions of
At two places, Allah mentions it. Yes, Allah says that he has sent his messenger
with wisdom and Deen-e-Haq so that it should prevail over all other religions,
overcome all religions whether it’s Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism or
Secularism or Modernism .Allah says in SuraH Al Imran that the only religion
that acceptable to Allah is Islam. At another place Allah says that if anyone
desires any religion except Islam it will not be acceptable and in the hereafter
he will be among the losers. Quran is the only book which emphatically says that
all the other religions are wrong.
25j. If every religion claims the same power and authority, will it not give
birth to a great anomaly where one faith will be pitted against the other?
I am a student of comparative religion. So religious book says that. So where is
the question of anomaly. The question is when people say that Islam is
intolerant,. I say yes, Islam is intolerant towards bribery, towards corruption,
towards injustice. People say Muslims are extremists. We say Muslims are
extremely merciful, extremely honest and extremely kind. Turn the tables and
then they will come on defence.
25k. A word about Muslims the world over?
Al Hamdullillah, Today Islam is the fastest growing religion of the world. I
have the latest data and it’s a mathematical reality that Islam figures first
followed by Christianity. In America and Europe, it’s Islam that attracts people
far and wide.
25l. Are you happy with the way Indian Muslims behave in India?
Unfortunately, to tell you frankly, I am not happy with the Muslims in India.
Islam will remain with or without us. But it’s a great blessing if Allah has
given you a prophetic job of disseminating Islam among non- Muslims. But in
India unfortunately, there are hardly any organisations who are working among
non- Muslims. Believe me, India is a virgin land. We can work here and I have
experienced that non- Muslims respect me in Mumbai. In Mumbai, the situation is
very fragile as far as Dawah is concerned. We have the Deen-e-Haq with us, the
problem is we not sure of our Deen.
25m. Does Islam permit organ transplant?
Three conditions arise. One, it should not be damaging for the donor. If a donor
dies just by donating his organ, in that case it’s Haram. Second condition is
different. A person can live on one kidney. If I donate one kidney and the other
person survives, both of us are saved. Then the third point is that you cannot
donate your organs for the cause of money. If these conditions are fulfilled,
then organ transplant can be done.
25n. Who has inspired you the most?
My source of inspiration is Ahmed Deedat. I met him in 1987. After that I, like
many thousands of his fans, got greatly inspired by him.
25o. Your memory is absolutely incredible? Do you strive for that or you just
read and it gets engraved on your mind?
It’s just the help of Allah. I am nothing. Allah says in Quran, Sura Ankabut (Ch
29, Vs 69) that strive in the way of Allah and Allah will look after you. So
anyone who does Jihad in the way of Allah, Allah opens his way for him. In my
childhood I used to stammer. If someone would ask me my name. I would say. My
name is Za... Za... Zaaa Zakir. I could have dreamt of becoming the best surgeon
in the world. But I could not have dreamt of speaking in front of the people,
because I used to stammer. But Al-Hamdu Lillah, Allah opens up its ways. When I
started speaking to the non- Muslims I started realising that my stammering was
not there. And now whenever I come on the stage, I never stammer.
25p. How do you maintain a balance between Dr. Naik as a medico and Dr. Naik as
Point one. I am not a scholar, I am just a student of comparative religion.
Point two. I opted for medical profession as I thought it’s the best profession.
It was the desire of my mother to become a surgeon like Christ Burnard, the
first man to do a heart transplant in South Africa. I asked my mother, would you
like me to become Sheikh Deedat or Chris Burnard. She said, ‘both’. But now when
I repeat the same question to my mother, she replies, ‘I can sacrifice thousands
of Christ Burnard on one Sheikh Deedat. I have left the medical profession as I
have taken Dawah and I am fully involved in Dawah.
27. I am a dentist by profession, my questions are: If a husband and wife have
a mutual divorce, Is there an ‘Iddah period to be observed by the divorced wife?
Should the divorced husband give the maintenance money for her? Can the divorced
husband have sex with the divorced wife? Can the two talk on the phone to each
other after the divorce?
If the husband and wife have mutual divorce, then the divorced woman needs to
observe an ‘Iddah (period) of three menstrual cycles if she gets menses on
regular basis, OR an ‘Iddah (period) of three months in case she gets menses on
irregular basis or has passed her Menopause.
Allah says in the Qur'an: “Divorced women shall wait concerning themselves for
three monthly periods nor is it lawful for them to hide what Allah hath created
in their wombs if they have faith in Allah and the Last Day…” (Al-Qur'an, 2:228)
In the verse quoted above Allah also says that if the woman is pregnant, she
should not hide but rather disclose her pregnancy.
Moreover, if she is pregnant, the ‘Iddah extends till the child is born, as
stated by Allah in the following verse. “…For those who carry (life within their
wombs) their period is until they deliver their burdens: and for those who fear
Allah, He will make their path easy.” (Al-Qur'an 65:4)
However, in case the divorce is revocable, the husband and wife may undergo
reconciliation during the period of ‘Iddah thus making the divorce null and void
with mutual consensus.
With regards to the maintenance money, in case of revocable divorce, where the
husband and wife are likely to get reconciled during the ‘Iddah period, the
husband will have to provide lodging and maintenance to the wife during that
period. If the woman is pregnant, the husband will have to provide maintenance
till the child is born as the ‘Iddah extends till its birth. Moreover, the
obligation of providing the maintenance will continue till the wife breast-feeds
the child for two years, the period of suckling, as appointed by Allah.
Nevertheless the couple has the right to determine the period of suckling by
mutual consent and consideration (Al-Qur'an 2:233).
Says Allah in the Qur'an: “Let the women live (in 'Iddah) in the same style as
you live according to your means: annoy them not so as to restrict them. And if
they carry (life in their wombs) then spend (your substance) on them until they
deliver their burden: and if they suckle your (offspring) give them their
recompense: and take mutual counsel together according to what is just and
reasonable. And if ye find yourselves in difficulties let another woman suckle
(the child) on the (father's) behalf.” (Al-Qur'an 65:6)
However, in case of irrevocable divorce, there is difference of opinion amongst
the scholars with regards to the provision of lodging and maintenance. However
the view that is held by majority of the scholars is that there shall be no
lodging or maintenance for the woman during her ‘Iddah unless she is
breast-feeding a child or is discovered to be pregnant.
Fatima bint Qais (Allah be pleased with her) reported from Allah’s Messenger
(pbuh) that there is no lodging and maintenance allowance for a woman who has
been given irrevocable divorce. (Sahih Muslim vol. 2, hadith no. 3522)
If the divorce is revocable and the husband and wife, with mutual consensus
agree to have sex before the ‘Iddah is complete, then that would become means
through which the divorce becomes null and void. Then they again continue to
live as husband and wife and thus they can also have sex as before.
If the divorce is revocable (1st or 2nd) and the ‘Iddah period has been
completed, then after this period of ‘Iddah they cannot have sex unless they
have a new nikaah with new ‘Meher’. After ‘Iddah has been completed, or after
irrevocable divorce, the ex-husband & wife become Na-Mahrams and if they have
sex without a fresh nikaah then their act of having sex will be considered
Talking on the phone with the opposite sex, who is a Na-Mahram is not encouraged
in Islam. In certain cases when unavoidable and if both maintain their modesty,
it may be permissible. Thus till such time as the husband and wife reconcile
during ‘Iddah, and at any time after divorce, they should avoid talking. In
unavoidable circumstances if they do, they should maintain their modesty without
which it will be prohibited. And Allah knows the best.
28. Is a Muslim woman permitted to go out for a job (organization belongs to
Muslims with all women staff) even if her husband can support the family well?
What does Islam say about it? In this case the main reason why this woman wants
to join this organization is to keep her busy and to mould herself completely in
an Islamic environment.
In Islam a woman has no financial obligation and the economical responsibility
lies on the shoulders of the man. Before a woman is married it is the duty of
the father or brother to look after the lodging, boarding, clothing and other
financial requirements of the woman. After she is married it is the duty of the
husband or the son. Islam holds the man financially responsible for fulfilling
the needs of his family.
In this case, the husband is financially capable enough to support the family.
Nevertheless the woman wants to work voluntarily, not primarily for money, but
to mould herself in an Islamic environment by joining a Muslim organization
(which presumably follows the tenets of Islam) that has all women staff. It is
advisable for her to seek her husband’s permission before taking the job. The
husband may as well see to it that he understands the intention, objective and
purpose of his wife behind taking this job. However, in case the husband does
not permit her, then she may very well try to establish an Islamic environment
at her husband’s place itself by cultivating friendships with good Muslim women
in her neighbourhood and surrounding, learning and educating the morals and
virtues of Islam. And Allah knows the best.
29. Can a rich Muslim wife give portion of her Zakat to her poor husband? Can a
Muslim husband compel his wife (working in a public sector undertaking) to spend
all her earnings on family needs and invest his earnings and his wife’s savings
on assets solely in his name and not even in her name? What portion, if at all,
of a Muslim wife’s salary a Muslim husband can claim for needs of the family
although it is the onus on him to provide for the family?
Yes, a Muslim woman is allowed to give portion of her Zakat to her poor husband
if she is capable of doing so and if the poor husband is poor enough to be
entitled for Zakat. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is reported to have granted the
permission to a Muslim lady who wished to spend part of the Zakat on her
Zainab, the wife of Abdullah (ra) had asked Bilal (ra) to seek for the prophet’s
permission for spending part of her Zakat on her husband and the orphans under
her protection, thus said the Prophet (pbuh): "Yes, and she will receive a
double rewards (for that): One for helping relatives, and the other for giving
Zakat." (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 2, hadith no. 545)
Whatever amount is spent by the wife, will be voluntarily, out of her own free
will. The husband has no authority whatsoever to compel his wife to spend on him
from her earnings/savings nor is he authorized to invest her earnings/savings on
assets solely in his name, unless the wife permits, nor can he compel her to do
so. As stated in the earlier answer, in Islam a woman has no financial
obligation and the economical responsibility lies on the shoulders of the man.
Thus it is the responsibly of the husband to provide for the family. Nonetheless
if he wants his wife to spend on him or his family, he can request her and she
may spend if she wishes.
With regards to what portion of a women’s salary her husband can claim, the
question of portion or percentage does not arise since the husband has no right
to claim for his wife’s salary, regardless of the portion. Thus it will depend
on the wife’s pleasure and wish whether she spends part of the salary, complete
salary or nothing at all. And Allah knows the best.
30. Is it allowed for a wife to address her husband by his name, as our previous
generation didn’t do so?
Everything that the previous generations (our ancestors) have done may not
necessarily be right, likewise everything they have done may not necessarily be
wrong. Therefore whatever they did would not be exemplary for us unless and
until verified with due analysis in the light of the Qur'an and the Sunnah.
With regards to calling one’s husband by his name, the act of doing so is a
sheer cultural act. Any cultural act is permissible as long as it is in
accordance with the Islamic Shari’ah and doesn’t break any of its rules. On the
other hand, if any cultural act conflicts with the Islamic Shari’ah or breaks
any of its rules, it is prohibited. Another aspect that also needs to be taken
into consideration is that many a times certain acts are considered to be
appropriate in one culture while similar acts are considered to be inappropriate
in another culture.
If we browse through the Seerah of the Prophet (pbuh), we come across instances
such as the following:
Narrated 'Aisha (ra) That Allah's Messenger said to her, "I know when you are
pleased with me or angry with me." I said, "When do you know that?" He said,
"When you are pleased with me, you say, 'No, by the Lord of Muhammad,' but when
you are angry with me, then you say, 'No, by the Lord of Abraham.' "Thereupon I
said, "Yes (you are right), but by Allah, O Allah's Messenger, I leave nothing
but your name." (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 7, hadith no. 155)
In the hadith quoted above, we realize that Aisha (ra), the wife of the Prophet
(pbuh) used to take the name of the Prophet (pbuh) in his presence, which
further substantiates that it is not un-Islamic to take the husband’s name in
Another practice that was and still is prevalent amongst the Arabs is to call
the husband by adding father to the name of their child, i.e. ‘Abu followed by
their child’s name’. Several evidences can be given from the Seerah of the
companions of the Prophet (pbuh). For instance, Umm Sulaima used to address her
husband as ‘Abu Talha’ (Sahih Muslim, vol. 4, hadith no. 6013).
Although the act of calling the husband by his name does not break any of the
rules of Islamic Shari'ah yet if the intention of the wife behind doing so is to
belittle her husband, then it is advisable for her not to do so. But if the
husband permits her to call him by his name and the intention of the wife too is
not to belittle the husband then there is no harm in doing so. However, if the
act displeases the husband, regardless of the intention of the wife, then it
would be advisable for her not to address him by his name, not because it is
prohibited in Islam but because it displeases the husband and the wife should
avoid displeasing the husband as far as possible. (The husband too should avoid
displeasing his wife). And Allah knows the best.
31. I am an engineering student, a regular reader of Islamic Voice. Is
contraception (that is, preventing one’s wife from becoming pregnant) prohibited
in Islam? What is the authentic Islamic ruling about it?
There are fundamentally two methods of Contraception or family planning.
Permanent Methods: Permanent methods include, Vasectomy in males and Tubecotomy
in females. All the scholars unanimously agree that permanent methods of family
planning are prohibited since they involve changing human physiology.
Says Allah in the Qur’an: “So set you your face steadily and truly to the Faith:
(Establish) Allah’s handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made
humankind: no change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the
standard Religion: but most among mankind understand not.” (Al-Qur’an 30:30)
The Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said: “Marry the one who is loving and
fertile, for I will be proud of your great numbers before the nations [i.e., on
the Day of Resurrection].” (Abu Dawood Hadith no. 2050, Classed as saheeh by
al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 1805)
Temporary Methods: Following are various different temporary methods.
M.T.P. (Medical Termination of Pregnancy) or Abortion: All scholars unanimously
agree that M.T.P. or abortion is prohibited.
Allah says in the Glorious Qur’an “...kill not your children on a plea of want;
We provide sustenance for you and for them;” (Al-Qur’an 6:151)
“Kill not your children for fear of want: We shall provide sustenance for them
as well as for you: verily the killing of them is a great sin.” (Al-Qur’an
However, scholars unanimously agree that any permanent method of family
planning, or even abortion, can be done if the life of the mother is in danger.
For e.g. if the woman is suffering from certain diseases like heart disease or
has under gone multiple caesarean operations and in her case the continuation of
pregnancy or another pregnancy may be detrimental to her life, then the woman
can be aborted or a permanent method of family planning can be adopted to save
the life of the woman.
Taking birth control pills: Almost all the scholars including Shaykh Ibn Baaz,
Council of the Senior Scholars [of Saudi Arabia] agree that it is not allowed to
take birth control pills (Fataawa al-Marah) because of its side effects and
changes in the normal physiology.
Copper-T: A very common temporary method of family planning or contraception is
Copper-T. Though it is known as ‘contraception’ but technically it is
contra-implantation. The sperm fertilizes the ovum but the zygote formed is
destroyed by the Copper-T and is prevented from being implanted on the uterine
wall (mother’s womb). Thus it is a very early abortion, which is prohibited in
Some “scholars” out of ignorance permit this temporary method of family planning
without knowing its detail.
Coitus Interruptus (‘Azl): Coitus Interruptus is permissible as long as it is
performed with mutual consent of both the husband and wife since both of them
have equal right to have children.
This is based on the Hadith of Jabir (RA) who said: “We used to practice (‘Azl)
coitus interruptus during the days when the Qur’an was being revealed”. Jabir
added: “We used to practice coitus interruptus during the lifetime of Allah’s
Messenger while the Qur’an was being revealed.” (Sahih Bukhari vol. 7, Hadith
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: “With regard to ‘azl, some of the scholars
regarded it as haraam, but the view of the four imams is that it is permissible
with the wife’s permission. And Allah nows best.” (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 32/110)
As regarding other temporary methods of family planning like condom etc., the
scholars are divided whether their use is permitted or not. Allah (swt) has
provided a natural method of planning the family, which is medically known as
lactation amenorrhea. After the women gives birth to a child, till she breast
feeds she does not have her menstrual cycle, thus the chances of pregnancy in
this period of lactation is minimal.
Allah says in the Qur’an “The mothers shall give suck to their offspring for two
whole years...” (Al-Qur’an 2:233)
Reasons for Family Planning: All the various reasons for family planning can be
divided into two categories: Either for poverty or Giving special attention to
children by having fewer children.
As for those who are poor and fear that they will not be able to meet the
economic expenses of the additional child, Allah (swt) has prescribed the system
of zakaat. Every rich person who has the savings of more than the nisab level
i.e. 85 gms of gold, should give 2.5% of his excess wealth every lunar year in
charity. Those who are poor have the right to take the zakaat money.
Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an “...Kill not your children on a plea of want; We
provide sustenance for you and for them;” (Al-Qur’an 6:151)
Allah (swt) also mentions in the Qur’an “Kill not your children for fear of
want: We shall provide sustenance for them as well as for you: verily the
killing of them is a great sin.” (Al-Qur’an 17:31)
Both these verses seems to convey the same message but on scrutiny we realize
that the first verse is meant for poor parents, who fear that if one more child
is born in the family neither they will be able to survive nor the child, thus
Allah (swt) says we provide sustenance for you and for them. In the other verse
Allah (swt) says We shall provide sustenance for them and as well as for you,
referring to rich parents who feel that if they have less children they can
concentrate on them better and give them better education and quality life. Here
Allah (swt) reverses the order and mentions first the children and then the
I am the fifth child of my parents. If my parents would have done family
planning, then I would not have been born. Alhumdulillah, I have qualified as a
medical doctor, which is supposed to be one of the best professions in society.
However I have given it up for a better profession and become a daee’. Am I a
boon or a bane to the society?
It is a misconception that if there are fewer children you can provide better
education and quality life to your child. However, its worth notable that one
never knows which child could be a blessing from the Creator for the family. It
is quite possible that the child, which the parents anticipate to be a bane, may
turn out to be a boon for the family and the society. History bears witness to
the fact that many of the great scientists, thinkers, and revolutionaries were
not from only amongst the first two children of their parents.
Thus the child whom the parents consider unwanted may be a blessing to the
family religiously and economically. With regards to the claim of the people who
say that the growth in population increases poverty, this was mainly based on
Malthusian’s theory. This theory states that, to maintain prosperity and welfare
of human race, its increase should be checked to correspond with the production
of foodstuff. But now we have realized that Malthusian’s theory has been proved
wrong and there is no shortage of food grains. Moreover, in spite of the amount
of land India uses in agriculture, there is still much more land in India, which
can, with little more efforts in fertilizing it through the proper means be
utilized in agriculture thus producing more food grains. It would be interesting
to note that population density of Holland and Denmark is about four to five
times more than that of India. Nevertheless the living conditions of the people
there is far better off (economically) than the Indians.
Besides, even if one faces difficulties in upbringing of children, one should
always remember that in these hardships could be a test from Allah as this life
is a test for the hereafter.
Allah says in the Qur’an: “He Who created Death and Life that He may try which
of you is best in deed: and He is the Exalted in Might Oft-Forgiving” [Al Qur’an
Allah also says: “Be sure We shall test you with something of fear and hunger
some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil) but give glad tidings
to those who patiently persevere.” [Al Qur’an 2 :155]
Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an “And they plotted and planned and Allah too
planned and the best of planners is Allah (swt)” (Al-Qur’an 3:54).
If you feel you can plan the family better, the choice is yours or else leave it
to Allah (swt) to do the best planning for your family. Allah knows the best.
32. We are doing part time Da'wah in villages near our city in Tamil Nadu. But
we are not sparing anytime for Islaah. I would like to know which of the two is
more important, Da'wah or Islaah? A friend of mine said that it is Da'wah that
is more important and not Islaah.
At the outset let us first understand the meaning of the words ‘Da’wah’ and
‘Islaah’. Da’wah means a ‘call’ or ‘invitation’; which means to invite
non-Muslims to Islam as well as the Muslims to the true understanding and
practice of Islam, but many a times, in context, it refers to the invitation of
Islam extended to those who are yet to believe in or accept Islam.
‘Islaah’ literally means ‘to repair’ or ‘to improve’. In an Islamic context, it
refers to efforts to improve Muslims or to correct them. It also refers to their
Allah says : “Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord, with wisdom and beautiful
preaching, and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious !” (Al
With regards to your question, which is more important, the simple answer is
that both Da’wah and Islaah are equally important. One should not concentrate
only on one and ignore the other. Therefore, to say that those who do Da’wah
should not do Islaah or those who do Islaah shouldn’t do Da’wah is wrong.
However, by looking at the scenario of the Muslims today, we realize that there
are many Muslims who are doing Islaah and have completely ignored Da’wah. Thus
the people dedicated to do Da’wah are very few as compared to those doing
Islaah. Therefore it is more of our responsibility to concentrate on Da’wah in
order to fill this vacuum, but while doing so, Islaah should not be ignored. And
Allah knows the best.
33. Is Islam a cult? I don't understand how this religion can be embraced by so
many. It's inconceivable that such hatred has ever been collected in a single
population such as that which calls itself Muslim. Mohammad, and indeed, his
followers, are way off the path. Stop your attacks on non-Muslims.
The two meanings of the word ‘cult’ according to the Oxford dictionary are as
“A way of life, an attitude, an idea etc. that has become very popular”.
“A small group of people who have extreme religious beliefs and who are not part
of any established religion”.
By referring to Islam as a cult, if you intend to imply the first meaning, then
yes Islam is a way of life – in fact it is ‘THE way of life’ prescribed for
humankind by the Creator. I am aware that most widely, the second meaning of the
word cult is implied. In that context, Islam is not a cult.
Many people have a misconception that Islam is a new religion and Prophet
Muhammad (pbuh) was the founder of Islam. However, let me clarify that Islam is
not the name of some unique religion presented for the first time by Prophet
Muhammad (pbuh) who should, on that account be called the founder of Islam.
The Qur’an states that Islam – the complete submission of man before his one and
only Unique Creator – is the one and only faith and way of life consistently
revealed by God to humankind from the very beginning. Noah, Solomon, David,
Abraham, Moses, Isaac and Jesus (pbut) – prophets who appeared at different
times and places – all propagated the same faith and conveyed the same message
of Tawheed (Oneness of God), Risaalat (Prophethood) and Aakhirah (the
Hereafter). These prophets of God were not founders of different religions to be
named after them. They were each reiterating the message and faith of their
However, Muhammad (pbuh) was the last Prophet of God. God revived through him
the same genuine faith which had been conveyed by all His Prophets. This
original message was earlier corrupted and split into various religions by
people of different ages, who indulged in interpolations and admixture. These
alien elements were eliminated by God, and Islam – in its pure and original form
– was transmitted to humankind through Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Since there was to be no messenger after Muhammad (pbuh), the Book revealed to
him (i.e. the Glorious Qur’an) was preserved word for word so that it should be
a source of guidance for all times.
Thus the religion of all the prophets was ‘total submission to God’s will’ and
one word for that in the Arabic language is ‘Islam’. Abraham and Jesus (peace be
upon them) too were Muslims, as Allah testifies in Al-Qur'an 3:67 and 3:52
Islam is embraced by so many humans in all centuries because it is the Truth and
it provides practical and comprehensive solutions to problems of humankind.
Islam not only teaches good things but also shows practical ways of achieving
that state of goodness.
Your surprise regarding many people embracing Islam is justified. Today, though
Islam happens to be the fastest growing religion in the world, it also happens
to be the religion about which people have maximum number of misconceptions.
This is largely because of the virulent propaganda by the media about Islam.
A Christian surveyor, Professor Edward reported in the Time Magazine of April
16, 1979 that in a span of 150 years, from 1800 CE to 1950 CE “over 60,000 books
have been written against Islam by the Christian West.” Now, it is questionable,
who has initiated, nurtured and collected the hatred which you have referred to,
the Muslims or the Christian West?
Many are surprised that despite such propaganda being made against Islam, it
still happens to be the fastest growing religion in today’s times. It is so, on
the merits of its superior and noble teachings.
Says Allah swt in the Glorious Qur'an: “They (the non-Muslim enemies and critics
of Islam) plot and plan, and Allah too plans; but the best of planners is
Allah”. (Al-Qur'an 8:30)
You have advised the Muslims not to attack non-Muslims; I request you to direct
your advice to those authorities, who only claim to be ‘peaceful, peace-loving
people’ and ‘peace-keepers of the world’, but ironically have attacked thousands
of innocent Muslims under the theme ‘War on terror’. The noted writer Arundhati
Roy states: "So now we know. Pigs are horses. Girls are boys. War is Peace."
The terrorist acts attributed to Muslim suspects, should not be attributed to
Islam or the Muslims in general but to individual human weaknesses. Such human
failings occur among all religious and ethnic groups. Recorded history has not
witnessed an incident similar to the ‘Holocaust’. However, one is not expected
to and should not attribute the holocaust to Christianity or to Christians in
A number of skeptics have made comments about Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Skeptics
allege that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was “a violent man, a man of war”. Some
further state that "Jesus set the example for love, as did Moses … Muhammad set
an opposite example” (remember Jerry Falwell?). These skeptics somehow fail to
realize that far from being a man of war, “…he (Muhammad) must be called the
saviour of humanity”, as described thus by George Bernard Shaw.
Though the portrayal of Moses and Jesus (pbut) of being peace-loving people is
fully in accordance with the teachings of the Qur’an, the Biblical testimony is
contrary to it. Many quotations from these Biblical testimonies can be given to
substantiate this claim, but considering the length of the answer, I will simply
furnish ONE incident that will prove my point, because in this ONE incident, no
less than three thousand people were killed by the sword at the command of
We read: “(Moses said): ‘Each man strap a sword to his side. Go back and forth
through the camp from one end to the other, each killing his brother and friend
and neighbour’. The Levites did as Moses commanded, and that day about three
thousand of the people died.” (Exodus 32:27-28, NIV)
It is also a well-known fact that the total number of deaths that took place in
ALL the wars fought during the time of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was 1018. The
biblical quotation given above and many such quotations appear to escape the
grasp of those who allege against Muhammad (pbuh), further ignoring the words of
“Judge not, that ye be not judged. For with what judgement ye judge, ye shall be
judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.”
(Matthew 7:1-2 KJV)
34. Religion, if it is true, should be able to stand scientific scrutiny. Is
there an Islamic arena where this kind of discussion is possible?
It is true, that if a religion is true, it should be able to stand scientific
scrutiny. The Glorious Qur’an is the last and final revelation of God. For any
book to claim to be the Word of God, it should stand the test of time.
Previously, it was the age of miracles. The Qur'an is the miracle of miracles.
Later on, came the age of literature and poetry. Muslims as well as non-Muslims
agree that Al-Qur’an is Arabic literature par excellence - that it is the best
Arabic literature on the face of the earth. However, today, it’s the age of
science and technology, and the Qur'an passes this test as well.
According to the famous physicist and Nobel Prize winner, Albert Einstein,
"Science without religion is lame. Religion without science is blind."
It should however, be borne in mind that the Qur'an is not a book of ‘Science’
but rather a book of ‘Signs’ i.e. Ayaat. There are more than 6,000 signs (Ayaat)
in the Qur'an out of which more than a thousand speak of Science. The Qur'anic
data on science does not conflict with any of the established scientific fact.
It may go against certain scientific hypothesis or theories, which are not
grounded in facts as many a times science takes U-turns. A number of verses of
the Qur'an speak on various different subjects of science, such as Astronomy,
Physics, Geography, Geology, Oceanology, Biology, Botany, Zoology, Medicine,
Physiology, Embryology as well as General Science.
There have been several arenas where people have discussed a number of issues
related to comparative religion. Islam encourages reasoning, discussions and
Allah says: “Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful
preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious”.
With regards to discussions on the theme of your question, I had a public
dialogue in April 2000, in Chicago USA, on the subject ‘The Qur'an and the Bible
in the Light of Science’ with a Christian, Dr. William Campbell from the USA.
Dr. William Campbell had written a book trying to point out scientific errors in
the Qur'an. In the dialogue, I refuted all the allegations that he made against
the Qur'an while he could not refute any of the 38 scientific errors in the
Bible pointed out by me. You may refer to the video of that debate which is
available for sale world-wide. For more information please visit www.irf.net.
You can also refer to my book, ‘Qur'an and Modern Science: Compatible or
Incompatible’ as well as my video on the topic, ‘Qur'an and modern Science:
Conflict or Conciliation.’
35. Hinduism is the oldest of all the religions and thus the most pure,
authentic and best of all the religions of the world, and not Islam!
Islam is the oldest religion.
Hinduism is not the oldest of all the religions. It is Islam which is the first
and the oldest of all religions. People have a misconception that Islam is 1400
years old and that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the founder of this religion.
Islam existed since time immemorial, ever since man first set foot on this
earth. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was not the founder of Islam. He was the last and
final Messenger of Almighty God.
The oldest religion need not be the purest and the most authentic religion.
A religion cannot be claimed to be most pure and authentic, only on the
criterion that it is the oldest. It is similar to a person saying that the water
he has kept in an open glass, in his house, outside the refrigerator, for three
months is purer than the water which has just been collected in a clean glass,
immediately after it has been purified.
The latest religion need not be the purest and the most authentic religion.
On the other hand a religion cannot be claimed to be the purest or authentic,
only on the criterion that the religion is new or the latest. A bottle of
distilled water which is sealed, packed and kept in the refrigerator for three
months is much purer than a bottle of water freshly collected from the sea.
For religion to be pure and authentic, it should not have interpolations,
changes and revisions in its scriptures revealed from God.
For any religion to be pure and authentic, its scriptures should not contain any
interpolation, addition, deletion or revision. Moreover the religion’s source of
inspiration and direction should be Almighty God. The Qur’an is the only
religious scripture on the face of the earth which has been maintained in its
original form. All the other religious scriptures, of all the other religions
have interpolations, additions, deletions or revisions. The Qur’an has been in
the memory of a multitude of people, intact in its original form ever since its
revelation, and now there are hundreds of thousands of people who have preserved
it in their memory. Moreover, if you compare the copies made by Caliph Uthman
(r.a) from the original Qur’an which is yet present in the museum in Tashkent
and in Koptaki museum in Turkey, they are the same as the ones we possess today.
Allah (swt) promises in the Qur’an, in Surah Al Hijr, chapter 15 verse 9 “We
have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly guard it (from
The oldest religion need not be best religion.
A religion cannot be claimed to be the best religion only on the criterion that
it is the oldest. It is similar to a person saying, that my 19th century car is
better than a Toyota car manufactured in 1998, because it is older. He would be
considered to be a fool to say that his 19th century car which required a rod to
be turned in circles to start it, is better than a key-start 1998 Toyota car,
just because it is older.
The latest religion need not be the best religion.
On the other hand a religion cannot be called as the best religion only on the
criterion that the religion is new or that it came later. It is similar to a
person who says that my 800 cc Suzuki car manufactured in 1999 is better than a
5000 cc Mercedes 500 SEL manufactured in 1997. To judge which car is better, a
person should compare the specifications of the car e.g. the power of the car,
safety measures, the capacity of the cylinders, the pickup, the speed, the
comfort, etc. 5000 cc Mercedes, 500 SEL car manufactured in 1997, is far
superior and better than a 800 cc Suzuki (Maruti Suzuki 800) manufactured in
A religion is best, if it has the solutions to the problems of mankind.
For a religion to be considered the best, it should have the solution to all the
problems of mankind. It should be the religion of truth, and should be
applicable to all ages. Islam is the only religion which has the solution to all
the problems of mankind. e.g. the problem of alcoholism, surplus women, rape and
molestation, robbery, racism, casteism, etc.
Islam is the religion of truth, and its laws and solutions are applicable to all
the ages. The Qur’an is the only religious book on the face of the earth, which
has maintained its purity and authenticity proving itself to be the word of God
in all the ages. i.e. previously, when it was the age of miracles, literature
and poetry and in present times when it is the age of science and technology.
Moreover, Islam is not a man-made religion, but a religion revealed and inspired
by Almighty God. It is the only religion acceptable in His Sight.
36 : When Muslims in India insist on having a separate Muslim Personal Law for
themselves, why don’t they also insist on implementing the Islamic Criminal Law
for the Muslims; for example implementing the rule that the robber’s hands
should be chopped off if a Muslim robs?
Muslim Personal Law
Personal Law is a law concerning an individual person and the persons closely
related to him, e.g. laws relating to marriage, divorce, inheritance, etc. It
includes laws which are mutually agreed upon by a group of people. This law does
not include any crime or an act that will harm the society directly.
India is Secular And Democratic
In any country, the Personal Law may differ for different groups of people and
for different communities. Since India is a secular and democratic country it
allows different groups of people to follow their own personal law if they wish.
Islamic Personal Law is the Best
Muslims believe that compared to all the different types of personal laws
available in the world, the best and the most result oriented is the Islamic
Personal Law. Muslims of India prefer following the Muslim personal law also
because of their own belief in Islam.
Criminal law is that law which is associated with a crime or an act, which
directly affects the society e.g. robbing, raping, murdering, etc.
The Criminal Law should be the same for all people
In any country, the criminal law unlike the Personal Law cannot be different for
different groups of people. It has to be same for all people of different groups
and different religions e.g. In Islam if a person robs, his hands are chopped
off. This punishment is not prescribed in Hinduism. If a Hindu robs a Muslim,
what would be the robber’s punishment? The Muslim would want the hands of the
robber to be chopped, while the Hindu Law would not agree.
The Muslims in India alone cannot separately follow the Islamic Criminal Law
without involving the Non-Muslims
Even if a Muslim agrees, that as far as he commits a crime he should be given
the punishment according to Islamic Criminal Law, it would not be practical. In
case an allegation is made against a Muslim for robbery and if the witnesses are
Non-Muslims, and if each one follows his own Criminal Law, the punishment in
Islam for bearing false witness is 80 lashes, whereas in the Indian Criminal
Law, a person giving false witness can easily escape. Thus, for a Non-Muslim to
falsely accuse a Muslim of any crime is very easy, if both follow their own
criminal law. However, if both follow the Indian Law where the punishment is
lenient for false witnesses and robbers, it will encourage both the robber to
rob as well as encourage the witnesses to give false witness for their own
The Muslims in India would prefer the Islamic Criminal Law to be implemented on
We Muslims would prefer that in India the Islamic Criminal Law be implemented on
all the Indians, since, chopping the hands of a thief will surely reduce the
rate of robbery in India. Similarly, 80 lashes for giving false testimony will
prevent a person from giving false witness.
Islamic Criminal Law is Most Practical
Islam besides pointing out a crime, it also gives you a solution showing how to
prevent the crime e.g. chopping the hands of a robber, death penalty for the
rapist. The punishment is so severe that it is a deterrent for the criminal to
commit the crime. He will think a hundred times before committing a crime.
Thus if crime has to be reduced or stopped in India the best solution is to
implement ‘The Common Islamic Criminal Law’.
37. Why do Muslims bury dead bodies instead of cremating them, i.e. burning
Components of human body present in the soil
Elements that are present in the human body are present in lesser or greater
quantity in the soil. Hence it is more scientific to bury a dead body, as it
easily gets decomposed and mixed in the soil.
Cremating (burning) the dead body leads to pollution of the atmosphere, which is
detrimental to health and harmful for the environment. There is no such
pollution caused by burying a dead body.
Surrounding land becomes fertile
To cremate a dead body several trees have to be chopped, which reduces the
greenery and harms the environment and the ecology. When dead bodies are buried,
besides the trees being saved, the surrounding land becomes fertile and it
improves the environment.
It is expensive to cremate a dead body when tons of woods have to be burned.
Annually there is a loss of crores of rupees, only because dead bodies are
cremated in India. Burying dead bodies is very cheap. It hardly costs any money.
Same land can be utilised for burying another body
The wood used for cremating a dead body cannot be reutilised for cremating
another dead body since it gets converted to ashes. The land used for burying a
dead body can be reutilised for burying another body after a few years since the
human body gets decomposed and mixed in the soil.
38. Is there no such thing as a 'Will' in Islam? In Islam, can a person 'Will'
his assets or property as per his wishes, after his death, to people other than
those prescribed in the methods of the Shari’ah? Is this 'Will' legally valid in
A ‘will’ is a legal document through which a person declares his/her wishes and
instructions on how his/her property and possessions should be disposed of,
distributed or given away after his/her death.
Allah (swt) says in the Glorious Qur’an: “Prescribed for you when death
approaches (any) of you if he leaves wealth (is that he should make) a bequest
for the parents and near relatives according to what is acceptable – a duty upon
the righteous.” [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:180]
Based on this verse from the Qur’an, it was earlier obligatory upon the Muslims
to make a will before death. But after the revelation of the verses on
inheritance (i.e. Surah Nisa 4:11-12), wherein Allah swt legislated fixed shares
of inheritance for deserving heirs, it is now not compulsory in Islam for a
person to write a will in his lifetime, because his estate is divided as
prescribed in Shari’ah among his living heirs.
So after the revelation of Surah Nisa 4:11-12, in an Islamic country where
Islamic Shari’ah is followed, it is not required to make a will.
In a non-Muslim country like India that has a separate Muslim Personal Law, to
make a will is optional. If a Muslim fears that the non-Muslim country where
Muslim Personal Law is followed has chances of deviating from the Shari'ah in
this respect, it is preferable to make a will as per Qur’anic guidelines –
otherwise it is not required. Such a will is legally valid in India.
However, in a non-Muslim country like U.S.A. that does not have a separate
Muslim Personal Law, according to me it is compulsory for a Muslim to make a
will as per the guidelines laid by Allah (swt) in Surah Nisa 4:11-12, so that it
forces the law to execute Islamic Shari'ah as per your will.
It is the right of every citizen of a non-Muslim country, to will his property
as per his desire, because in the absence of will each country has its own
method of distributing the wealth.
It may be obligatory as well on a person to make a will, with regard to the dues
of others where there is no proof, lest they be lost or neglected, because the
Prophet (pbuh) said: “It is not permissible for any Muslim who has something to
will to stay for two nights without having his last will and testament written
and kept ready with him."” [Narrated by al-Bukhari, al-Wasaayaa 2533].
One should also ‘will’ if he fears some kind of corruption or dispute among the
heirs, especially in a non-Muslim country.
However, one does not have the right to make a will for the legal heirs as per
his own inclinations (or wishes), because Allah (swt) has defined the share of
each heir, and He has explained who inherits and who does not inherit. So it is
not permitted for any person to transgress the limits set by Allah (swt).
“And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger and transgresses His limits – He
will put him into the fire to abide eternally therein, and he will have a
humiliating punishment” [Surah Nisa 4:14]
Allah (swt) has permitted us to make a will to whomsoever we wish other than the
legal inheritors for a maximum of one-third of our wealth,
The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Allah was being generous to you when He allowed you to
give one-third of your wealth (in charity) when you die, to increase your good
deeds.” [Ibn Maajah, Kitaab al-Wasaayaa, Hadith No. 2709]
Therefore one can will upto one-third of his wealth to be used for charitable
purposes or else one can also give it to the people apart from the legal heirs,
because the Prophet (pbuh) said: “There is no will for the heirs. [Tirmidhi,
Kitaab al-Wasaayaa, Hadith No.2120] And Allah knows the best.
39. Does a Muslim man require explicit consent from his first wife, to marry a
In Islam, marriage is a solemn contract for which the Islamic Shari’ah has laid
down rules and measures to guarantee its stability. Though Islam permits a man
to have more than one wife, it stipulates that certain conditions are to be met
in this regard, for Islam’s main focus is on building a stable marital life.
If a man is able to take a second wife, and can treat both wives in a just
manner, and he wants to, then he is allowed to do so as Allah says, “… marry
women of your choice two or three or four; but if you fear that you will not be
just, then (marry only) one …”
There is no evidence in the Qur’an and the authentic traditions of the prophet
(pbuh), which states that it is obligatory for the husband to have the explicit
consent of his first wife, if he wants to take a second wife.
However, he should inform his first wife about his intention. It is preferable
to convince her about his decision but it is not compulsory to take her consent.
But if the wife has stipulated a condition in the marriage contract, that her
husband is not allowed to take another wife as long as she is married to him,
then the husband should adhere to the condition and is obliged to take her
permission before taking another wife.
The conditions of marriage are the most binding of conditions and are the most
important before Allah, because through them intimacy becomes permissible.
Narrated ‘Uqba: The Messenger of Allaah (pbuh) said: “The conditions most
entitled to be abided are those of (wedding contract) with which intimacy
becomes permissible to you.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.7 Hadith No.5151]
Therefore in the light of the above, it’s clear that the first wife’s consent is
not a prerequisite for a man to take another wife unless she specifies the above
condition in her marriage contract. And Allah knows the best.
40. Similarities between Islam and Hinduism
Click here to view answer.
41. Raising one’s Hands during Salaah. A few people in our locality raise their
hands before and after doing ‘Rukoo’. Is it a correct act while praying?
In addition to raising one’s hands in prayer when pronouncing Takbir al-Ihraam
(the first Takbir), it is Mustahab (i.e. a recommended act) to raise one’s hands
at three other times during Salaah (the Muslim prayer): (i) just before bowing
in Rukoo’, (ii) when rising from Rukoo’ and (iii) when standing up after the
first Tashahhud. The reports of raising of the hands are ‘mutawaatir’, which
means they are reported by so many narrators to so many that it is inconceivable
that they could all have agreed on a lie.
Whenever Ibn 'Umar started the prayer with Takbir, he used to raise his hands:
whenever he bowed, he used to raise his hands (before bowing) and he also used
to raise his hands on saying, "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida", and he used to do
the same on rising from the second Rak'a (for the 3rd Rak'a). Ibn 'Umar said:
"The Prophet used to do the same." [Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.1 Hadith No.739]
Imam al-Bukhari (may Allah have mercy on him) wrote a separate book on this
issue, which he called ‘Juz’ fi Raf’ al-Yadayn’ (Section on Raising the Hands),
in which he proved that the hands should be raised at these points in the
Raising the hands in prayer was a well-known practice amongst the companions of
the Prophet (pbuh). Imam al-Bukhari said: “Al-Hasan and Humayd ibn Hilaal said:
‘The Companions of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) all used to raise their hands,
without exception.” [Juz’ raf’ al-yadayn, page 26].
There are no less than four Ahadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari and six in Sahih Muslim
with respect to raising the hands before and after Rukoo’ (bowing), besides
several other authentic traditions in other Ahadith compilations.
The traditions of not raising hands at these instances are classified as da’eef
(weak) by the scholars of Hadith. It is important for us to remind ourselves
that once the Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) becomes clear to a person, it is not
permissible for him/her to ignore it in favour of the opinion of anyone, since
we all are Ummatis and followers of the Prophet (pbuh).
Hence, a Muslim should not fail to raise his hands at the points in prayer
described in the Sunnah. Every Muslim should strive to make his prayer like the
prayer of the Prophet (pbuh) who said, “Pray as you have seen me praying.”
[Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.1 Hadith No.631]. And Allah knows the best.
42. I am told by many people that it is not permissible to read the Qur’an or do
Sajdah after Asr prayers and that we cannot pray, be it reading Qur’an or Namaz
at 12.00 clock. Kindly reply!
Regarding the time of recitation, it is permissible for a Muslim to recite the
Qur’an at any time of the day or night as he/she wishes. Rather it is mustahab
i.e. recommended to remember Allah (dhikr) after Fajr, which certainly includes
reading the Qur’an, as it is one of the best forms of dhikr.
The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Whoever prays Fajr in congregation, then sits and
remembers Allah until the sun comes up, then prays two rak’ahs, will have a
reward like that of Hajj and ‘Umrah.” [Tirmidhi al-Jumu’ah Hadith No.585]
There are certain times at which the Prophet (pbuh) has disallowed prayer. These
are: (i) While the sun is rising (i.e. during the time of sunrise), (ii) when
the sun has reached its highest point i.e. at noon and (iii) while sun is
setting (i.e. during the time of sunset).
‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir said: “There were the times at which the Messenger of Allaah
(pbuh) forbade us to pray or to bury our dead: when the sun has clearly started
to rise until it is fully risen, when it is directly overhead at midday until it
has passed its zenith, and when the sun starts to set until it has fully set.”
[Sahih Muslim Vol.2 Chapter 292 Hadith No.1811]
Narrated Abu Said Al Khudri: I heard Allah's Messenger (pbuh) saying, "There is
no prayer after fajr prayer till the sun rises, and there is no prayer after the
Asr prayer till the sun sets." [Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.1 Hadith No.586]
Contrary to this, the Prophet (pbuh) used to pray two raka’ahs after asr prayer
as related in many of the authentic traditions. However, it is important for us
to note that whenever we perceive a difference between Qaul (command) and Amal
(action) of the Prophet (pbuh), then according to the rule of fiqh, command
takes precedence over the action.
Thus under normal circumstances, a Muslim should not offer Salaah after the Fajr
prayer until the sun rises or after the asr prayer until the sun sets, unless
there is a valid reason and requirement. For example, if after having offered
his asr salaah a person enters a mosque before sunset, he can offer two raka’ahs
Tahiyyat al-masjid (prayer after entering mosque) before sitting which is a
Similarly, if a person does Tawaaf of the Ka’bah after offering Fajr salaah and
before sunrise, he can offer two raka’ahs Salaat al-Tawaaf (prayer done after
circumambulating the Ka’bah). And Allah knows the best.
43. Can a Muslim man marry a Christian or a Jew? Please explain.
It is permissible for a Muslim man to marry a woman from the People of the Book
(i.e. the Jews and the Christians), only if they fulfill certain criteria.
Allah (swt) says: “And (Lawful in marriage are) chaste women from among the
believers and chaste women from among those who were given the Scripture before
you…” [Surah Al-Maidah 5:5]
Based on the above verse, most of the scholars say that a Muslim man can marry
any woman who is a Jew or a Christian. On the other hand, if we read the Qur’an
as a whole, Allah (swt) also says that Muslims are not allowed to marry Mushriks
i.e. people who associate partners with Allah (swt).
Allah says; “And do not marry Mushrik (polytheistic) women until they believe.
And a believing slave woman is better than a polytheist, even though she might
please you.” [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:221]
Moreover, we find that the Jews and the Christians too associate partners with
Allah (swt). Says Allah (swt) in the Glorious Qur’an: “They (Jews and the
Christians) have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah, and
(also) the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to
worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they
associate with Him.” [Surah At-Tawbah 9:31]
The Christians, who claim that Jesus (pbuh) is God as well as the Son of God,
insist on the supposed divinity of Jesus (pbuh) and worship him as such.
“They have certainly disbelieved who say, “Allah is the Messiah, the son of
Mary” while the Messiah has said, “O children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord
and your Lord.” Indeed he who associates other with Allah – Allah has forbidden
him paradise and his refuge is the fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers
any helpers.” [Surah Al-Maidah 5:72]
From the above-mentioned verses and many such verses of the Qur'an, it is very
clear that almost all the present day Jews and the Christians are committing
shirk by joining partners with Allah (swt).
Apparently, it appears to be a “contradiction” in the Qur’an, since at one place
Allah (swt) forbids Muslims from marrying Mushriks, whereas at another place He
allows Muslim men to marry women from the Jews and the Christians, most of who
as per the Qur'anic narrations are Mushriks too i.e. those who associate
partners with Allah (swt).
In another verse of the Glorious Qur’an, Allah (swt) conciliates all the above
verses by informing us that among the Jews and the Christians there are also
people who are true believers i.e. they believe in only one God and do not
associate partners with Allah (swt). It says,
“Among them (Jews and the Christians) are believers but most of them are
defiantly disobedient.” [Surah Ali Imran 3:110]
Therefore, according to me, Muslim men are permitted to marry only those women
from the People of the Book (i.e. the Jews and the Christians) who are chaste as
well as who do not commit shirk i.e. those who do not believe in trinity and
Jesus’ (pbuh) divinity. And Allah Knows the Best.
44. It is mentioned in your Qur’an that Mary was the sister of Aaron (pbuh).
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did not know the difference between Miriam the sister of
Aaron (pbuh) and Mary the Mother of Jesus (pbuh), as the time span between both
of them was about a thousand years.
IN THE SEMITIC LANGUAGES SISTER ALSO MEANS DESCENDANT
The Qur’an mentions in Surah Maryam, Chapter 19 verses 27-28 ‘Then she brought
him (child) to her people, carrying him (in her arms). They said: "O Mary! You
have certainly done a thing unprecedented. "O sister of Aaron! Your father was
not a man of evil nor was your mother unchaste!"” [Surah Maryam 19:27-28]
Christian missionaries say that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did not know the
difference between Mary the mother of Jesus (pbuh) and Miriam the sister of
Aaron (pbuh). The time span between both was more than a thousand years.
In the Arabic construction of the sentence, sister is also considered as a
descendant. Thus, when the people said to Mary, Ya Ukhta Haroon i.e. ‘O sister
of Aaron’ it actually means descendant of Aaron (pbuh).
SON ALSO MEANS DESCENDANT
It is mentioned in the Gospel of Mathew, Chapter 1 verse 1 "Jesus Christ, the
son of David,..". [Mathew 1:1]
It is also mentioned in the Gospel of Luke Chapter 3, verse 23 "And Jesus
himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son
of Joseph,..." [Luke 3:23]
DID JESUS (PBUH) HAVE TWO FATHERS?
The explanation of the phrase that Jesus (pbuh) was the son of David (pbuh), is
that Jesus (pbuh) was a descendant of David (pbuh). So, ‘Son’ here too means a
45. I have a doubt about playing of musical instruments. Is this an act of
Prohibition of music is recorded in many authentic Ahadith.
Narrated Abu Malik Al-Ashari: "The Messenger (pbuh) of Allah (SWT) said, "Some
people of my Ummah will drink wine, calling it by other than its real name,
merriment will be made for them through the playing of musical instruments and
the singing of lady singers. Allah will cleave the earth under them and turn
others into monkeys and swines. [Ibn Ma'jah Vol.5 Hadith No.4020]
Narrated Abu Amir or Abu Malik Al Ashari that he heard the Prophet saying, "From
among my followers there will be some people who will consider illegal sexual
intercourse, the wearing of silk, the drinking of alcoholic drinks and the use
of musical instruments, as lawful. And there will be some people who will stay
near the side of a mountain and in the evening their shepherd will come to them
with their sheep and ask them for something, but they will say to him, 'Return
to us tomorrow.' Allah will destroy them during the night and will let the
mountain fall on them, and He will transform the rest of them into monkeys and
pigs and they will remain so till the Day of Resurrection." [Sahih Al-Bukhari
Vol.7 Hadith No.5590]
However, there are some Ahadith which indicate that it is permissible to beat
the ‘daff’ i.e. the tambourine (which is open on one side and covered on the
Narrated Urwa on the authority of Aisha “On the days of Mina, (11th, 12th, and
13th of Dhul-Hijjah) Abu Bakr came to her while two young girls were beating the
tambourine (daff) and the Prophet was lying covered with his clothes. Abu Bakr
scolded them. The Prophet uncovered his face and said to Abu Bakr, "Leave them,
for these days are the days of 'Id and the days of Mina." [Sahih Al-Bukhari
Vol.2 Hadith No.987]
Narrated Ar Rabi (the daughter of Muawwidh bin Afra): “After the consummation of
my marriage, the Prophet came and sat on my bed as far from me as you are
sitting now, and our little girls started beating the tambourines (daff) and
reciting elegiac verses mourning my father, who had been killed in the battle of
Badr. One of them said, ‘Among us is a Prophet who knows what will happen
tomorrow.’ On that the Prophet said, ‘Leave this (saying) and keep on saying the
verses which you had been saying before.’ [Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.7 Hadith
Therefore from the above evidence it is concluded that the use of musical
instruments in general is forbidden in Islam, with the exception of the 'Daff'.
Music usually intoxicates a person and takes one away from the path of Allah
(swt). Music engages a person’s mind and takes him/her away from the remembrance
of his/her Creator and from realizing and focusing his/her attention on the
purpose of his/her creation. In musical songs, most of the times the listeners
even appreciate illogical, incorrect and blasphemous matter and content. A
person will realize this when he starts pondering over the meaning of many Hindi
and English songs, lyrics and ghazals. Here we find that it is because of music
that the person’s mind is intoxicated and the person deviates from the straight
path. And Allah Knows the Best.
46. At one place the Qur’an mentions that man is created from sperm and in
another place it mentions that man is created from dust. Are these two verses
Man created from sperm and dust
The Qur’an refers to the lowly beginnings of a human being from a drop of sperm,
in several verses including the following verse from Surah Al-Qiyamah: "Was he
not a drop of sperm emitted (in lowly form)"? [Al-Qur’an 75:37]
The Qur’an also mentions in several places that human beings were created from
dust. The following verse makes a reference to the origin of human beings:
"(Consider) that We created you out of dust". [Al-Qur’an 22:5]
We now know that all the elements present in the human body (i.e. the
constituent elements of the human body) are all present in the earth in small or
great quantities. This is the scientific explanation for the Qur’anic verse that
says that man was created from dust.
In certain verses, the Qur’an says that man was created from sperm, while in
certain other verses it says that man was created from dust. However this is not
a contradiction. Contradiction means statements, which are opposite or
conflicting and both cannot be true simultaneously.
Man created from water
In certain places the Qur’an also says that man was created from water. For
instance in Surah Al-Furqan it says: "It is He Who has created man from water".
Science has proved all the three statements to be correct. Man has been created
from sperm, dust as well as water.
It is not a Contradiction but a Contradistinction
Suppose I say that in order to make a cup of tea one needs water. One also needs
tealeaves or tea powder. The two statements are not contradictory since both
water and tealeaves are required in order to make a cup of tea. Furthermore if I
want sweet tea I can even add sugar.
Thus there is no contradiction in the Qur’an when it says that man is created
from sperm, dust and water. It is not a contradiction but a contradistinction.
Contradistinction means speaking about two different concepts on the same
subject without conflict. For instance if I say that the man is always truthful
and a habitual liar, it is a contradiction, but if I say that a man is always
honest, kind and loving, then it is a contradistinction.
47. I’d like to know about hair coloring according to Qur’an and Hadith. I came
to know that it is permissible. Is it right? Please explain providing evidence
from authentic sources of Islam.
It is permissible to change the colour of one’s greying hair, to a colour
besides black, as long as the material used for coloring hair is pure and
Narrated Abu Dharr Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “The best things with which
grey hair are changed are henna and katam (a plant from Yemen which produces a
reddish-black dye)”. [Sunan Abu Dawood Vol.3 Chapter 1567 Hadith No.4193]
During the days of the Prophet (pbuh), the Jews and the Christians used to
refrain from dyeing greying hair because they considered such adornment as
contrary to piety and devotion, and not befitting rabbis, priests and ascetics.
The Prophet (pbuh) forbade Muslims from imitating them (the Jews and the
Christians), in order that Muslims might develop their own distinctive and
Narrated Abu Huraira Allah's Messenger (pbuh) said, "The Jews and the Christians
do not dye (their grey hair), so you shall do the opposite of what they do (i.e.
dye your grey hair and beards)." [Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.4 Hadith No.3462 & Sahih
Muslim Vol.3 Chapter 831 Hadith No.5245]
However, it is not permitted for a Muslim man or a woman to dye his/her hair
black because of the reports in which the Prophet (pbuh) instructed the Muslims
to abstain from it.
Jabir bin Abdullah reported that Abu Quhaafah was led (to the audience of the
Holy Prophet) on the day of the conquest of Makkah and his head and beard were
white like thughamah (hyssop), whereupon Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “Change
it with something but avoid black”. [Sahih Muslim Vol.3 Chapter 831 Hadith
Ibn ‘Abbaas reported the Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) as saying: At the end of time
there will be people who will use this black dye like the crops of birds; they
will not experience the fragrance of Paradise.” [Sunan Abu Dawood Vol.3 Chapter
1569 Hadith No.4200]
Nevertheless, the use of black dye is specifically permitted during time of war,
with the possibility of demoralizing the enemy when they see all Muslim soldiers
Moreover, dyeing the hair when there is no grey hair, though not forbidden, is
not regarded as following the Prophet’s example, since it does not serve the
same shar’i interests as achieved by dyeing grey hair.
One must make sure that hair colouring should not be done as an imitation of
immodest or immoral people, whom some people may mistakenly regard as examples
to follow. This is prohibited because the Prophet (pbuh) said: “Whoever imitates
any people is one of them.” [Sunan Abu Dawood Vol.3 Chapter 1506 Hadith
No.4020]. And Allah Knows the Best.
48. Is it true that my last prayer should be witr or is this merely recommended
as a prudent course of action by the Prophet (saw). Once I pray witr after Isha
and later I want to pray Nafil, can I do so?
It is Mustahab (i.e. highly recommended) for a Muslim to make witr as his/her
last prayer at night since the traditions of the Prophet (pbuh) exhort the
Muslims to do so.
Narrated Nafi Ibn 'Umar said, "While the Prophet was on the pulpit, a man asked
him how to offer the night prayers. He replied, 'Pray two Rak’ahs at a time and
then two and then two and so on, and if you are afraid of the dawn (the approach
of the time of the Fajr prayer) pray one Rak’ah and that will be the witr for
all the Rak’ahs at which you have offered’." [Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.1 Hadith
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar The Prophet (pbuh) said, "Make Witr as your last
prayer at night." [Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.2 Hadith No.998]
However, this command of the Prophet (pbuh) is in the sense of it being
preferable, and not obligatory, because it is proven in the Ahadith that the
Prophet (pbuh) sometimes prayed two rak’ahs (units) after Witr whilst sitting
Abu Salamah asked ‘Aisha about the prayer of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). She
said: “He observed thirteen rak’ahs (in the night prayer). He observed eight
rak’ahs and would then observe witr and then observe two rak’ahs sitting, and
when he wanted to bow He stood up and then bowed down, and then observed two
rak’ahs in between the Adhan and Iqamah of the dawn prayer”. [Sahih Muslim Vol.1
Chapter 261 Hadith No.1608]
The Prophet (pbuh) prayed two rak’ahs after witr in order to demonstrate that it
is permissible to pray nafil after witr. He did not always pray nafil after
witr, rather he did that only a few times.
If one prays Witr in the beginning of the night, after that Allah (swt) enables
him/her to pray qiyaam, then one can pray two by two but he/she does not have to
repeat Witr, because the Prophet (pbuh) said, “There cannot be two Witrs in one
night.” [Sunan Abu Dawood Vol.1 Chapter 495 Hadith No.1434]. And Allah Knows the
50. Why are women not allowed in the mosque?
There is not a single verse in the Qur’an, which prohibits ladies from entering
mosques. There is not a single authentic Hadith which I am aware of which
states that the Prophet (pbuh) prevented or forbade women from going to mosques.
There is only one Hadith, which perhaps could have been misunderstood to mean
that women should not go to the mosque.
That Hadith is as follows: Abdullah Bin Mas’ud reported the Prophet (pbuh) as
saying: It is more excellent for a woman to pray in her house than in her
courtyard, and more excellent for her to pray in her private chamber than in her
house. [Sunan Abu Dawood Vol.1 Chapter 204 Hadith No.570]
If you base your conclusion only on this single Hadith, then you may wrongly
conclude that it is not advisable or preferable for women to go to the mosque.
However, your conclusion cannot be based only on one Hadith neglecting or
ignoring all the other Ahadith. The context of the Hadith is also very
The Prophet (pbuh) said that if a person prays in the mosque he gets 27 times
more blessings (Sawab). Some women argued that they had infants at home and
other household work and therefore could not go to the mosque. Thus, the men
would have a greater advantage than women for receiving such blessings. It is
then that the Prophet (pbuh) said the above Hadith.
Hence, the conclusion is that in situations where women have infants and
household work, which too is an important duty that cannot be neglected, women
would not be deprived of the sawaab (blessings) if they pray in their own homes.
There are several Ahadith which prove that both men and women used to go to the
mosques during the life of the prophet (pbuh):
The Prophet (pbuh) said, ‘Do not prevent the female servants of Allah from going
to the mosque of Allah.’ [Sahih Muslim Vol.1 Chapter 177 Hadith No.886]
And husbands were specifically told by him, “If the wife of any one of you asks
permission (to go to the mosque) do not forbid her.” (Sahih Bukhari Volume 1,
Book of Salaah, Chapter 80, Hadith No. 832)
From the time the Prophet (pbuh) entered Madinah, after Hijra, till his demise,
he never prevented women from entering the mosque.
During the time of the Prophet (pbuh), women not only went to the mosques for
prayer but also for religious education and literary discussions as the mosque
was the centre of community. Several Ahadith tell us that the Prophet (pbuh)
addressed people in the mosque, and the audience consisted of both Muslim men
and women. Women many a times asked questions to the Prophet (pbuh) in the
During the Prophet’s (pbuh) time, mosques had separate entrances for ladies.
Women filled the mosques from behind while men had separate entrances and
filled the mosques from the front. In between the two sections were children.
It is reported by Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (Pbuh) said: “The best rows for
men are the first rows, and the worst ones are the last. The best rows for women
are the last ones, and the worst ones for them are the first.” [Sahih Muslim
Vol.1 Chapter 175 Hadith No.881)
Islam permits women to pray in mosques. Ladies should have separate and equal
facilities. Islam does not permit the intermingling of sexes. Otherwise, there
will be a similar scene in mosques like other places of worship where some
people even come for ‘bird-watching’ and eve teasing.
In recent times, women are not allowed in mosques in a few countries especially
in India and its neighbouring countries. Otherwise, in most of the other
countries, women are allowed in mosques. Women are allowed in mosques in Saudi
Arabia, in U.A.E; in Egypt, in U.S.A; in the U.K and in Singapore. Women are
also allowed in the sacred mosques, Masjid-e-Haram in Makkah and in
Masjid-e-Nabawi in Madinah.
Allahamdulillah, the trend is now changing in India. We have several mosques in
India and a few in Mumbai in which women come to pray in mosques (masaajid).
51. Why do Muslims follow the lunar calendar instead of the solar calendar?
As per the Solar calendar, every year the months fall in the same respective
seasons of that location. For example, the months of March, April and May in
India will always have summer, while July, August, September will always have
monsoons i.e. rains in western India. November, December and January will always
In the lunar calendar in different years the months fall in a different season.
The lunar calendar has about 11 days less than the solar calendar. Thus, every
year, the month of the lunar calendar occurs 11 days prior to what it had
occurred in the previous solar year. Thus, in a span of about 33 lunar years a
human being will experience all the different seasons for one particular month
of the lunar calendar. This is very important because the yearly activities of a
Muslim are based on the lunar calendar. Certain months like Ramadhan and Hajj
are very important to the Muslims. During Ramadhan a Muslim has to fast which
includes abstaining from food and drink from sunrise to sunset. If the Islamic
months were based on the solar calendar where the seasons were fixed, then
people living in certain parts of the world would have Ramadhan in summer while
in other parts of the world it would be winter. Some Muslims would have to fast
for a longer period of time where the days are long while other Muslims would
have to fast for shorter period of time where the days are short. If the seasons
did not change, then Muslims living in some parts of the world may feel that
they are at a disadvantage throughout their lives.
By following the lunar calendar, every Muslim has a taste of fasting in
different seasons and for a different time period, in a span of about 33 years
of his life.
52. Why are all prayers and supplications not answered or fulfilled by Allah
You may dislike a thing which is good for you (2:216)
The reply to this question is given in the Glorious Qur’an in Surah Baqarah
chapter 2 verse 216: “But it is possible that ye dislike a thing which is good
for you, and that ye love a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and you
Praying for a motor cycle.
There may be a very pious person who prays to Allah (SWT) for a motor cycle but
the prayer is not answered. Allah knows very well that if the person acquires a
motor cycle he will have an accident and get crippled. The Qur’an rightly says
you may love a thing which is bad for you but Allah knows and you know not.
Businessman misses flight due to traffic jam.
Suppose a rich businessman is supposed to catch a flight in order to click a
deal which would fetch him billions of rupees. While going to the airport to
catch the flight, there was an unusual traffic jam on the road, which prevented
him from reaching the airport on time. The businessman misses the very flight
and sorrowfully says “This is the worst thing that has ever happened to me in my
While returning back home he hears on the radio that the very flight that he was
supposed to catch has crashed and all the passengers have died. The businessman
happily says: this is the best thing that has ever happened to me in my life.
Allah knew best that the life of the businessman was much more precious than the
billions of rupees that he had lost. You may dislike a thing which is good for
you, but Allah knows and you know not.
The Qur’an mentions in Surah Shura chapter 42 verse 27 “If Allah were to enlarge
the provision for His Servants, they would indeed transgress beyond all bounds
through the earth; but He sends (it) down in due measure as He pleases. For He
is with His servants well-acquainted, watchful.”
It is mentioned in the Qur’an in Surah Baqarah chapter 2 verse 186 “When My
servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the
prayer of every suppliant when he calls on Me:”
It is mentioned in Surah Ghafir chapter 40 verse 60 “And your Lord says: “Call
on Me; I will answer your (Prayer): but those who are too arrogant to serve Me
will surely find themselves in Hell – in humiliation!
Allah answers your prayer by not answering.
Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an that “you call on Me and I will answer the
prayer”. These verses of the Qur’an are not falsified when your prayers are not
answered. In fact Allah (SWT) in His Divine Wisdom answers your prayers by not
granting you what you with your limited and finite knowledge had asked for.
Unbelievers and impious people have luxury.
Some people wonder how is it that several unbelievers and impious people lead a
luxurious life. They worship false gods and pray to them for wealth. Since these
people worship false gods yet, Allah (SWT) answers their prayers and gives them
wealth which further leads them away from Allah (SWT) and thus in the long run
it is harmful for them.
Believers remember Allah whether rich or poor.
A true believer is a person who, irrespective of whether he is rich or poor,
remembers Allah (SWT).
Allah (SWT) has described such people in Surah Al Noor chapter 24 verse 37 “By
men whom neither traffic nor merchandise can divert from the remembrance of
Allah nor from regular prayer, nor from the practice of regular Charity: their
(only) fear is for the Day when hearts and eyes will be transformed (in a world
A True believer always says Alhamdullillah.
A true believer is a person who irrespective of what ever happens says,
‘Alhamdulillah’. Praise be to Allah. Even when he goes in loss he says
Alhamdullillah, because he has faith in Allah that if Allah permitted the loss
to be incurred it has to be beneficial in the long run. In short he has faith in
Allah, that whatever happens, happens for the good. And Allah Knows Best.
53. Why is building of temples and churches and the propagation of any religion
other than Islam not allowed in Islamic countries like Saudi Arabia?
Example of selecting a Maths teacher:
Suppose you are a principal of a school and you have to select a Mathematics
teacher. It is obvious that you will interview the candidates. If one teacher
says that 2 + 2 = 3, the other says 2 + 2 = 4 and the third says 2 + 2 = 5 whom
will you select? Since you know mathematics is logical, you will never select or
allow a person to teach mathematics who doesn’t even know the basics of
arithmetic that 2 + 2 = 4.
Where religion is concerned Muslims are experts:
Similarly in the field of religion, Muslims are the best and Qur’an clearly
mentions in Surah Ale Imran, Chapter 3, verse 19 (3:19): “The Religion before
Allah is Islam (submission to His will)”. [Al-Qur’an 3:19]
It is further mentioned In Surah Ale Imran Chapter 3, verse 85 (3:85) “If anyone
desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be
accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have
lost (All spiritual good).” [Al-Qur’an 3:85]
No other religious scripture claims that its religion alone is true.
There is no other religious scripture on the face of the earth besides the
Qur’an which says that only its religion is true, correct and acceptable to
Almighty God, and that all the other religions are false and hence not
acceptable to Almighty God.
If you are a school principal who knows Maths, you will never allow a person to
teach Maths in your school who does not know Maths. Similarly Muslims, who are
experts in the field of religion and know that Islam is the only true religion,
will not allow anyone in the country of Saudi Arabia to preach any other
religion besides Islam. Muslims also know that what the true concept of Almighty
God i.e. Allah (SWT) is, and thus we will not permit anyone to build, in the
country of Saudi Arabia, a place of worship where they worship anyone besides
Allah (swt). And Allah Knows Best.
Courtesy: Dr.Zakir Naik from http://www.irf.net